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Main Title Risk assessment in development of municipal sludge incineration regulations under 405(d) of the Clean Water Act /
Author Crumpler, Eugene P. ; Fradkin, L.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Fradkin, Larry.
Scarpino, P. V.
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office.
Publisher Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1989
Report Number EPA/600/D-89/018
Stock Number PB89-218184
Subjects Sewage sludge--Environmental aspects ; Hazardous wastes--Environmental aspects ; Risk assessment
Additional Subjects Sludge disposal ; Incinerators ; Municipalities ; Risk ; Regulations ; Concentration(Composition) ; Air pollution ; Dispersing ; Mathematical models ; Furnaces ; Industrial plants ; Public health ; Particle size ; Exposure ; Carcinogens ; Clean Water Act
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB89-218184 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 9 pages ; 28 cm
The need for effective sludge management is continual and growing. In the United States, the quantity of municipal sludge produced annually has almost doubled since 1972. The U.S. EPA established an Agency Sludge Task Force in 1982. In 1983 one of the Task Force's major recommendations was to develop a comprehensive technical regulatory program under Section 405(d) of the Clean Water Act that requires the U.S. EPA to develop and issue regulations which (1) identify uses for sludge including disposal; (2) specify factors to be taken into account in determining the measures and practices applicable for each use or disposal (including costs); and (3) identify concentrations of pollutant which interfere with each use or disposal. The major areas discussed in this manuscript are; regulation development, incineration, selection of model plants, air dispersion modeling, most exposed individual, risk level, reference air concentration and an example calculation.
Published in: Proceedings of the National Conference on Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant Sludge Management, series no. 17, pages 30-35. EPA/600/D-89/018. PB89-218184. Includes bibliographical references. Microfiche.