||Integrating Dispersion Modeling, Receptor Modeling and Air Monitoring to Apportion Incinerator Impacts for Exposure Assessment.
Ma, H. W. ;
Fox, D. L. ;
Mukerjee, S. ;
Stevens, R. K. ;
Shy, C. M. ;
||ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;North Carolina Univ. at Chapel Hill. School of Public Health.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Lab.
Air pollution monitoring ;
Air quality ;
Atmospheric diffusion ;
Public health ;
Air pollution effects(Humans) ;
Waste disposal ;
Municipal wastes ;
Hazardous wastes ;
Geographical information systems ;
Spatial distribution ;
Environmental transport ;
Pollution sources ;
Industrial Source Complex Short-Term Dispersion Model ;
Chemical Mass Balance Receptor Model ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
Determination of air pollution exposure to human beings ideally would involve the determination of dose to target organ of interest. The approach presented here provides a screening technique in ultimately linking exposure and subsequent short-term effects on lung function from the emissions of an incinerator. This approach combines air quality measurements, Geographical Information Systems (GIS), receptor and dispersion modeling to apportion the impact of an incinerator source to locations where individuals live in surrounding neighborhoods. GIS techniques establish the spatial relationships between the incinerator source and individuals. The receptor and dispersion model predictions are compared at the air quality monitoring location. A scaling factor is determined for use in predicting incinerator impact at other outdoor locations. This technique is applied to a Health and Clean Air Study investigating the respiratory effects of air emissions associated with 3 types of waste incinerators--biomedical waste and municipal waste incinerators, and a waste burning industrial furnace. The purpose of this larger investigation is to determine the potential impact of atmospheric emissions from incinerators on individuals residing near these sources.