Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Risk of infectious disease from use of sludge on land and methods to reduce these risks
Author Farrell, J. B.
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Water Engineering Research Lab.
Publisher Water Engineering Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1986
Report Number EPA/600/D-86/038;
Stock Number PB86-166378
OCLC Number 70596785
Subjects Sewage sludge as fertilizer ; Sewage sludge--Analysis ; Pathogenic microorganisms
Additional Subjects Sludge disposal ; Toxicology ; Risk ; Feasibility studies ; Assessments ; Methodology ; Exposure ; Health risks ; Toxic substances
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD  EPA 600-D-86-038 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 07/13/2007
NTIS  PB86-166378 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 1 v.
Virtually all of the infectious organisms in wastewater end up in the sludge removed in the course of wastewater treatment. The health risks to humans when sludges are applied to land depend on the densities of these organisms, reductions that occur when the sludge is processed, the hardiness of the organisms on or in the land surfaces, and the available pathways to man. The presentation discusses each of these issues for pathogenic bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and helminths. The combination of sludge processing requirements and other controls, such as control of access and type of crops growing, used by the U.S. EPA in their regulations governing sludge use on land are presented and discussed.
"February 1986". "EPA/600/D-86/038". Photocopy.