Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Effects of Passive Smoking on Health of Children.
Author Ferris, B. G. ; Ware, J. H. ; Berkey, C. S. ; Dockery, D. W. ; Spiro, A. ;
CORP Author Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Year Published 1985
Report Number EPA/600/J-85/433;
Stock Number PB86-216181
Additional Subjects Toxicology ; Children ; Smoking ; Growth ; Height ; Reprints ; Cigarette smoking
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB86-216181 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/21/1988
Collation 9p
Analysis of data on the effects of passive smoking obtained in preadolescent children from the Harvard Six-Cities Study demonstrates an exposure-response relationship between the number of smokers in the household and the reporting rates for doctor-diagnosed respiratory illness before age 2, history of bronchitis, wheeze most days and nights apart from colds, and a composite of symptoms defined as the lower respiratory index. Similarly, when only the amount currently smoked by the mother was used, the data indicated a relatively uniform increase in each of the reported diseases and symptoms. FEV1 was lower in children with smoking mothers compared to children of nonsmoking mothers. Rate of increases in FEV1 after adjusting for normal growth was significantly smaller in children of smoking mothers and was related also to amount smoked. Notably the effect on level of FVC was not seen and the finding, consistent in several studies, remains unexplained. Although children of smoking mothers were shorter on the average than children of nonsmoking mothers, no on-going passive smoking effect on height growth can be ascertained. All these differences are small and their medical significance remains to be defined.