The U.S. EPA National Exposure Research Laboratory's (NERL's) Workshop on the Analysis of Children's Measurement Data was held on September 27 and 28, 2005 in Research Triangle Park, NC. Workshop participants were provided with a summary document that contained the following information: descriptions of recent children's exposure studies conducted or funded by NERL, including descriptions of the parameters measured and the measurement methods; concentration data and summary statistics for comparisons of the studies; simple comparative analyses; and, highlights of the results of the studies. The goal of the workshop was to assemble a group of recognized experts in the fields of exposure and health assessments, toxicology, statistics and biostatistics, modeling, analytical chemistry, and biomarker measurements to discuss the major trends in the data, additional hypotheses, and additional statistical analyses that should be undertaken with the data (Chapter 1), using the summary document and an overview presentation by Dr. Linda Sheldon as the bases for discussions. The results of the two-day workshop have been captured in this report (Chapter 2, Appendices A and C). An important outcome from this workshop will be a research plan for additional statistical analyses of the collected children's measurement data in order to improve our understanding of the relevant factors affecting children's exposures to pesticides.