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Main Title Comparative Toxicity of Ten Organic Chemicals to Four Earthworm Species.
Author Neuhauser, E. F. ; Durkin, P. R. ; Malecki, M. R. ; Anatra, M. ;
CORP Author New York State Coll. of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Ithaca. Dept. of Agricultural Engineering. ;Syracuse Research Corp., NY.;Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.
Year Published 1986
Report Number EPA-R-810006; EPA/600/J-86/397;
Stock Number PB88-107115
Additional Subjects Worms ; Organic compounds ; Toxicity ; Soil tests ; Hazardous materials ; Toxicology ; Phenols ; Amines ; Benzene ; Hydrocarbons ; Phthalates ; Reprints ; Hazardous waste
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB88-107115 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 6p
Ten organic chemicals were tested for toxicity to four earthworm species: Allolobophora tuberculata, Eisenia fetida, Eudrilus eugeniae and Perionyx excavatus, using the European Economic Community's (EEC) earthworm artificial soil and contact testing procedure. The phenols were the most toxic chemicals tested, followed by the amine, substituted benzenes, halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbon, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and phthalate as the least toxic chemical tested. Correlations among species within each type of test for a given chemical were extremely high, suggesting that the selection of earthworm test species does not markedly affect the assessment of a chemical's toxicity. The correlation between the two tests was low for all test species. The contact test LC50 for a given chemical cannot be directly correlated to an artificial soil test LC50 for the same earthworm species. (Copyright (c) Pergamon Press Ltd. 1986.)