Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Indoor Air Pollution and Pulmonary Function Growth in Preadolescent Children.
Author Berkey, C. S. ; Ware, J. H. ; Dockery, D. W. ; Ferris, B. G. ; Speizer, F. E. ;
CORP Author Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Year Published 1986
Report Number EPA/600/J-86/104;
Stock Number PB86-217262
Additional Subjects Respiratory system ; Children ; Growth ; Reprints ; Indoor air pollution
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB86-217262 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 14p
Results are reported from a study of the association between exposure to sidestream cigarette smoke or gas stove emissions and pulmonary function level and growth rate of 7,834 children seen at 2-5 annual visits between the ages of 6-10 years. Children whose mothers smoked one pack of cigarettes per day had levels of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) at age eight that were 0.81% lower than children of nonsmoking mothers (p<0.0001), and FEV1 growth rates approximately 0.17% per year lower (p=0.05). For a child of age eight with an FEV1 of 1.62 liters, this corresponds to a deficit in rate of change of FEV1 of approximately 3 ml/annum and a deficit of 13 ml at age eight. Children whose mothers smoked one pack per day had levels of forced vital capacity (FVC) at age eight that were 0.33% higher than children of nonsmokers (p=0.12); however, their growth rates of FVC were 0.17% per year lower (p=0.04). Because few mothers changed their smoking habits during the course of the study, it was not possible to determine whether the difference in rate of growth was due to current exposure or to an effect of prenatal and early childhood exposure on the course of development.