Introduction -- Part I: Water Pricing Experiences in Selected Countries -- Water Pricing in Australia: Unbundled Politics, Accounting and Water Pricing -- Water Pricing in BRAZIL: Successes, Failures, and New Approaches -- Water Pricing in Canada: Recent Developments -- Water Pricing in Chile: Decentralization and Market Reforms -- Water Pricing in China: Impact of Socioeconomic Development -- Water Pricing in Colombia: From Bankruptcy to Full Cost Recovery -- Water Pricing in France: Toward More Incentives to Conserve Water -- Water Pricing Experiences in India: Emerging Issues -- Water Pricing in Israel: Various Waters, Various Neighbors -- Water Pricing in Italy: Beyond Full-Cost Recovery -- Water Pricing in Mexico: Pricing Structures and Implications -- Water Pricing in The Netherlands -- New Zealand Water Pricing -- Water Pricing: The Case of South Africa -- Water Pricing in Spain: Following the Footsteps of Somber Climate Change Projections -- Part II: Innovations in Water Pricing -- Introducing New Mechanisms into Water Pricing Reforms in China -- How to Integrate Social Objectives into Water Pricing -- Sustainable Water Rate Design at the Western Municipal Water District: The Art of Revenue Recovery, Water Use Efficiency and Customer Equity -- Pricing Urban Water Services in the Developing World: The Case of Guayaquil, Ecuador -- Price for Domestic Water Supply: An Innovative Method Developed for the Tucano Aquifer in the State Of Bahia - Brazil -- Pricing for Reclaimed Water in Valencia, Spain: Externalities and Cost Recovery -- Pricing Municipal Water and Wastewater Services in Developing Countries: Are Utilities Making Progress Towards Sustainability?. Water pricing to achieve conservation in scarce water resources is a major policy challenge. This book provides credible evidence from water pricing experiences in various countries around the world. The book chapters, written by experts in water pricing from various countries, documents the past 10 to 15 years of water pricing experiences in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, France, India, Israel, Italy, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, South Africa, and Spain. The book includes also several chapters that review innovations in water pricing in various countries, such as new reform mechanisms, achieving social objectives via water pricing, achieving revenue recovery, water use efficiency and customer equity, and charging the poor.