||Health assessment document for tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene) /
Chen, C. W. ;
Davidson, I. W. F. ;
Vaughan-Dellarco, V. L. ;
Gibb, H. ;
||Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Health and Environmental Assessment.
|| U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development,
Environmental health ;
Solvents--adverse effects ;
Carcinogens, Environmental ;
Environmental Pollutants--adverse effects ;
Environmental Exposure--analysis ;
Risk Assessment ;
Laboratory animals ;
Malignant neoplasms ;
Dry cleaning ;
Industrial hygiene ;
Air pollution ;
Water pollution ;
Public health ;
Public health ;
Toxic substances ;
Occupational safety and health ;
||Region 2 Library/New York,NY
||OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC
||Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC
||Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown.
||External review draft.
||xii,  pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) is a volatile solvent with important commercial applications. It has been detected in the ambient air of a variety of urban and nonurban areas of the United States. It has less frequently been detected in water but has been monitored generally at levels of 1 ppb or less. The lowest-observed-adverse-effect-level, based on central nervous system dysfunction, is about 100 ppm (678 mg/cu m). Toxicity testing in experimental animals, coupled with limited human data, suggests that long-term exposure of humans to ambient levels of PCE is not likely to represent a health concern. At the current time, the teratogenic potential of PCE for humans is unknown; the mammalian animal tests performed to date do not indicate any significant teratogenic potential. Although PCE epoxide has been found to be positive with respect to mutagenicity in bacterial systems, the data on pure PCE suggest that if it is mutagenic, it is a weak mutagen. PCE has been demonstrated to induce malignant tumors of the liver in mice. This constitutes limited evidence that PCE may be carcinogenic in humans. Because existing epidemiologic data for PCE is inconclusive, the overall ranking according to the criteria of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) would suggest that PCE is possibly carcinogenic in humans.
Principal author: Chao W. Chen, et al. "Do not cite or quote." "EPA 600-8-82-005B." "Jan. 1984"--Title page. "December 1983"--Cover. References are included.