Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Toxicity of Selected Organic Chemicals to the Earthworm 'Eisenia fetida'.
Author Neuhauser, E. F. ; Loehr, R. C. ; Malecki, M. R. ; Milligan, D. L. ; Durkin, P. R. ;
CORP Author Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY.;Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.
Year Published 1985
Report Number EPA/600/J-85/211;
Stock Number PB86-118569
Additional Subjects Worms ; Organic compounds ; Toxicity ; Soil tests ; Phenols ; Amines ; Aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons ; Halohydrocarbons ; Phthalates ; Rodents ; Tables(Data) ; Eisenia fetida ; Earthworms
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB86-118569 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 8p
A number of methods recently have been developed to biologically evaluate the impact of man's activities on soil ecosystems. Two test methods, the 2-d contact test and the 14-d artificial soil test, were used to evaluate the impact of six major classes of organic chemicals on the earthworm Eisenia fetida. Of the organic chemicals tested, phenols and amines were the most toxic to the worms, followed in descending order of toxicity by the substituted aromatics, halogenated aliphatics, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and phthalates. No relationship was found between earthworm toxicity as determined by the contact test and rat, Rattus norvegicus Berkenhout and mouse, Mus musculus L. LD. values.