Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Cancer Mortality in U.S. Counties with Hazardous Waste Sites and Ground Water Pollution.
Author Griffith, J. ; Duncan, R. C. ; Riggan, W. R. ; Pellom, A. C. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;Northrop Services, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;Miami Univ., FL. School of Medicine.
Publisher c1989
Year Published 1989
Report Number EPA/600/J-89/399;
Stock Number PB90-245952
Additional Subjects Potable water ; Water contamination ; Neoplasms ; Mortality ; United States ; Hazardous materials ; Ground water ; Reprints ; Water pollution effects(Humans) ; Risk assessment ; Toxic substances ; Health hazards
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB90-245952 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 12/03/1990
Collation 9p
Since the late 1950's more than 750 million tons of toxic chemical wastes have been discarded in an estimated 30,000 to 50,000 hazardous waste sites (HWS). The uncontrolled discarding of chemical wastes creates the potential for risks to human health. Utilizing the National Priorities Listing (NPL) of hazardous waste sites developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the study identified 593 waste sites in 339 U.S. counties in 49 states with analytical evidence of contaminated ground drinking water providing a sole source water supply to an estimated 'at risk' population. For each of the 339 identified counties the authors extracted age-adjusted, site-specific cancer mortality rates for 12 major sites for the decade 1970-1979, for white males and females, from U.S. Cancer Mortality and Trends 1950-1979. Each county in the U.S. was also coded as to whether it had an excessively high number of deaths and the total number of non-HWS and HWS counties showing excess numbers of deaths were enumerated for each selected cancer. Significant associations (p < 0.002) between excess deaths and all HWS counties were shown for cancers of the lung, bladder, esophagus, stomach, large intestine, and rectum for white males; and for cancers of the lung, breast, bladder, stomach, large intestine, and rectum for white females when compared to all non-HWS counties.