Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Assessment of Methods For Estimating Risk to Birds From Ingestion of Contaminated Grit Particles.
Author R. Bennett ; D. Hoff ; M. Etterson
CORP Author National Health and Environmental Effects Research Lab., Duluth, MN.
Year Published 2011
Report Number EPA/600/R-11/023; ERASC-016F
Stock Number PB2011-107336
Additional Subjects Birds ; Food ; Contaminants ; Ingestion ; Particles ; Lead(Metal) ; Soils ; Pesticides ; Granules ; Toxicity ; Sediments ; Environmental exposure ; Risk assessment ; Mortality
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2011-107336 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 11/09/2011
Collation 64p
In June 2006, the Ecological Risk Assessment Forum (ERAF) submitted a request to ORD's Ecological Risk Assessment Support Center (ERASC) to evaluate the effectiveness and utility of the European Plant Protection Organization (EPPO) Risk Assessment Scheme for Plant Protection Products (i.e., pesticides) for its ability to estimate the degree of exposure to songbirds from contaminants in soil. Specifically, are methods and information used for understanding avian exposure to pesticide granules useful for estimating the probability of ingesting other contaminated particles such as lead shot or fragments. An important route of chemical exposure in many ecological risk assessments is the ingestion of chemicals on or in sediments, soil and small gravel (i.e., grit). Several approaches have been developed to address this route of exposure in risk assessments. The particular focus for this white paper is to evaluate approaches available for estimating the risk to birds from ingestion of lead shot or other lead fragments (hereafter referred to as lead particles). There are many similarities between lead particle ingestion and the ingestion of pesticide granules as grit or food items.