Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Epidemiologic Studies of Organic Micropollutants in Drinking Water.
Author Craun, G. F. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH.
Year Published 1986
Report Number EPA/600/D-86/047;
Stock Number PB86-167772
Additional Subjects Epidemiology ; Water supply ; Contaminants ; Diseases ; Potable water ; Risk ; Data collection ; Drinking water
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB86-167772 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 14p
Epidemiologic studies have been conducted in order to make a quantitative statement about associations between drinking water contaminants and disease. The basic measures of the association are a rate ratio or relative risk and rate difference or attributable risk. The appropriateness of the measure is dependent on components of study design, data collection, and the analysis of epidemiologic data, and these must be evaluated for each study to determine precision (lack of random error) and validity (lack of systematic error). Internal validity includes considerations for preventing selection bias, minimizing observation bias, and assessing, preventing, and controlling confounding bias within a particular study. No single epidemiologic study is likely to provide a definitive answer, and the results of epidemiologic studies must be interpreted in the context of other scientific information. Epidemiologic studies of organic micropollutants in drinking water have been reviewed and are summarized based on these considerations.