Record Display for the EPA National Library CatalogRECORD NUMBER: 12 OF 19
|Main Title||Pollution effects of abnormal operations in iron and steel making /|
|Author||Carpenter, B. H. ; VanOsdell, D. W. ; Coy, D. W. ; Jablin., R. ;|
|CORP Author||Research Triangle Inst., Research Triangle Park, N.C.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C.|
|Publisher||U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; Available to the public through the National Technical Information Service,|
|Report Number||EPA 600-2-78-118a; EPA 600-2-78-118b; EPA 600-2-78-118c; EPA 600-2-78-118d; EPA 600-2-78-118e; EPA 600-2-78-118f; EPA/600/2-78/118a-f; EPA/600/2-77/118a-f; EPA-68-02-2186|
|Stock Number||PB-284 049|
|Subjects||Steel-works--United States--Production model ; Air--Pollution--United States ; Water--Pollution--United States|
|Additional Subjects||Air pollution control ; Iron and steel industry ; Water pollution control ; Technology ; Abnormalities ; Forecasting ; Industrial engineering ; Sintering ; Blast furnaces ; Electric arc furnaces ; Openhearth furnaces ; Concentration(Composition) ; Abnormal operating conditions ; Basic oxygen process|
|Collation||6 volumes : illustrations ; 28 cm.|
The report is the first in a six-volume series considering abnormal operating conditions (AOCs) in the primary section (sintering, blast furnace ironmaking, open hearth, electric furnace, and basic oxygen steelmaking) of an integrated iron and steel plant. Pollution standards, generally based on controlling discharges during normal (steady-state) operation of a process and control system, are often exceeded during upsets in operation. Such periods of abnormal operation are becoming recognized as contributing to excess air emissions and water discharges. In general, an AOC includes process and control equipment startup and shutdown, substantial variations in operating practice and process variables, and outages for maintenance. The volume evaluates the magnitude of pollutants emitted during AOCs. Compared to normal controlled emission rates from the processes, the increases due to AOCs are estimated to be significant. The volume describes the methodology used to gather data for the study and sources of information. Numerous pollution control agencies and manufacturing plants were visited. Though most jurisdictions have regulations requiring reporting of spills, malfunctions, etc., there is a wide variation in the procedures and records kept. Without systematic recordkeeping, it is difficult to determine the causes of problems and identify corrective action.
"Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Energy, Minerals, and Industry." "Research Triangle Institute." "June 1978." Includes bibliographical references. "Contract no. 68-02-2188, program element no. 1AB604."
v. 1. Technical report / by B.H. Carpenter [and others] -- v. 2. Sintering, manual of practice / by B.H. Carpenter [and others] -- v. 3. Blast furnace ironmaking, manual of practice / by R. Jablin [and others] -- v. 4. Open hearth furnace, manual of practice / by D.W. VanOsdell [and others] -- v. 5. Electric arc furnace, manual of practice / by D.W. VanOsdell [and others] --v. 6. Basic oxygen process, manual of practice / D.W. Coy [and others].