Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Effects of petroleum compounds on estuarine fishes /
Author Martin, B. J.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Couch, John A.
CORP Author University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg. Dept. of Biology.;Environmental Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, FL.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Research Laboratory ; Available through the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1980
Report Number EPA 600/3-80-019
Stock Number 22161
OCLC Number 06219631
Subjects Fishes--Effect of water pollution on. ; Hydrocarbons--Physiological effect. ; Hydrocarbons--Toxicology. ; Carcinogens.
Additional Subjects Fishes ; Toxicology ; Aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons ; Estuaries ; Carcinogens ; Polycyclic compounds ; Exposure ; Bioassay ; Pathology ; Contaminants ; Water pollution ; Histology ; Oil pollution ; Water pollution effects(Fishes) ; Cyprinodon variegatus ; Sheepshead minnows ; Channel catfish ; Ictalurus punctatus ; Bioaccumulation ; Toxic substances
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAM  QH545.O5M3 1980 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 04/29/2016
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-3-80-019 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 11/15/2016
EJED  EPA-600/3-80-019 OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC 09/03/1992
EKCD  EPA-600/3-80-019 CEMM/GEMMD Library/Gulf Breeze,FL 02/01/2008
ERAD  EPA 600/3-80-019 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 10/22/2012
ESAD  EPA 600-3-80-019 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB80-141310 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 31 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.
Effects of the carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), benzo(a)-pyrene (BAP), and methylcholanthrene (MCA) were investigated with sheepshead minnows (Cyprinodon variegatus) and channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). A closed-circulating system was designed to maintain up to 100 sheepshead minnows in artificial seawater for longterm exposures. Fish were maintained in this system for up to 31 weeks with weekly contaminations of PAH. Due to their chemical properties significant levels of BaP and MCA remained in the water column for only ca. 24 hours each week and no tumors were observed in the exposed fish during the period of the study. The incidence and types of lesions in control and exposed fish were basically similar except in catfish that were fed PAH contaminated food. High levels of contamination (1 mg/gm food) appeared to be toxic and lower levels of contamination (0.1 mg/gm food) produced sufficient stress to make the catfish susceptible to fatal parasite infestations. Both species accumulated radioactively labelled PAH at concentrations much higher than their nominal concentrations in the water. These results demonstrate that sheepshead minnows function well as experimental organisms in artificial seawater in a closed system maintained at a noncoastal facility. Thus, they provide an excellent model system for the study of longterm effects of chronic exposure to polluting agents.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 29-31).