The importance of conserving Western working landscapes -- A brief history of people and policy in the West / Thomas E. Sheridan and Nathan F. Sayre -- Status and trends of Western working landscapes / Susan Charnley, Thomas E. Sheridan, and Nathan F. Sayre -- The biodiversity that protected areas can't capture: how private ranch, forest and tribal lands sustain biodiversity / Gary P. Nabhan, Richard L. Knight, and Susan Charnley -- Collaborative conservation -- Beyond "stakeholders" and the zero-sum game: toward community-based collaborative conservation in the American West / Thomas E. Sheridan, Nathan F. Sayre, and David Seibert -- Spotlight 4.1. Historic precedents to collaborative conservation in working landscapes: the Coon Valley "cooperative conservation" initiative, 1934 / Curt Meine and Gary P. Nabhan -- The Quivira experience: reflections from a "do" tank / Courtney White -- Spotlight 5.1. Grass-fed and grass-finished livestock production: helping to keep working landscapes intact / Gary P. Nabhan, Carrie Balkcom, and Amanda D. Webb -- Place-based conservation finds its voice: a case study of the rural voices for conservation coalition / Maia Enzer and Martin Goebel -- Case studies of working forests -- Swan story / Melanie Parker -- Spotlight 7.1. Arcata community forest / Mark Andre -- Taking a different approach: forestland management in the redwood region / Mike Jani -- Spotlight 8.1. The conservation fund's Garcia River Forest, California / Chris Kelly -- Stewardship contracting in the Siuslaw National Forest / Shiloh Sundstrom and Johnny Sundstrom -- Spotlight 9.1. Stewardship agreements: the Weaverville Community forest, California / Pat Frost -- Case studies of working ranches -- Lava lake land & livestock: the role of private landowners in landscape-scale conservation / Michael S. Stevens -- Spotlight 10.1. Country natural beef / Susan Charnley and Sophia Polasky -- Conservation and development at Sun Ranch: the search for balance in the U.S West / Roger Lang, William H. Durham, and Josh Spitzer -- Spotlight 11.1. The Madison Valley ranchlands group / Thomas E. Sheridan -- Integrating diversified strategies on a single ranch: from renewable energy and multiple breeds to conservation easements / Dennis Moroney -- Spotlight 12.1. Private land conservation trends in the western United States / Jon Christensen, Jenny Rempel, and Judee Burr -- Emerging approaches to conserving working landscapes -- The Sonoran Desert conservation plan and ranch conservation in Pima County, Arizona / Thomas E. Sheridan -- Spotlight 13.1. Ranching and the "death tax": a matter of conservation as well as equity / Thomas E. Sheridan, Andrew Reeves, and Susan Charnley -- Payments for ecosystem services: keeping working landscapes productive and functioning / Gary P. Nabhan, Laura Lâopez-Hoffman, Hannah Gosnell, Josh Goldstein, Richard Knight, Carrie Presnall, Lauren Gwin, Dawn Thilmany and Susan Charnley -- Spotlight 14.1. The conservation reserve program / Steven E. Kraft -- Conclusions and policy implications / Thomas E. Sheridan, Gary P. Nabhan, and Susan Charnley.