Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Mixture effects in the catalytic oxidation of VOCs in air : project summary /
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Gangwal, S. K.,
Ramanathan, K.,
Caffrey, P.,
Mulllins, M.,
Spivey, James J.,
Kosusko, Michael,
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory, Center for Environmental Research Information.
Year Published 1988
Report Number EPA/600-S7-88-017
OCLC Number 896365857
Subjects Volatile organic compounds--Oxidation
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-S7-88-017 In Binder Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/04/2018
EJBD  EPA 600-S7-88-017 In Binder Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 10/18/2018
Collation 6 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
"EPA/600-S7-88-017." "December 1988." Caption title. At head of title: Project Summary.
Contents Notes
Most volatile organic compound (VOC) releases into the environment are mixtures. However, most fundamental studies of the catalytic deep oxidation of such compounds are usually confined to single components. This study examines the deep oxidation of organic mixtures over a heterogeneous catalyst in an attempt to explain earlier observations concerning the apparent inhibition or enhancement of destruction of some components to establish a scientific basis for the design and operation of catalytic incineration systems for VOC control. To elucidate these effects, the oxidation kinetics of n-hexane, benzene, ethyl acetate, and methyl ethyl ketone in air were examined over a commercial catalyst (0.1% Pt/3% Ni on [gamma]-alumina.) Reaction rates of these components individually were determined at temperatures of 150 to 360ÀC from differential reactor studies. When these were compared to overall destruction efficiencies from integral reactor studies for both individual compounds and mixtures, the Mars/van Krevelen (MVK) reaction rate model satisfactorily represented the results for some single organic compounds at lower temperatures. By incorporating pore diffusion effects, the MVK model adequately explains the single component data over the entire temperature range for some of the compounds. A multicomponent MVK model incorporating competitive adsorption effects is moderately successful in predicting the observed behavior for a binary mixture of benzene and n-hexane; however, it cannot predict the apparently enhanced reaction rate observed for ethyl acetate at higher temperatures (>200ÀC). Other reaction pathways available for compounds with carbon-oxygen linkages and/or the advent of catalytically supported homogeneous combustion with free radical precursors may explain this phenomenon. The enhancement of ethyl acetate conversions in humidified air streams suggests that autocatalysis by-product water may be a possible mechanism.