Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title GAC (Granular Activated Carbon) Treatment Costs: A Sensitivity Analysis.
Author Clark, R. M. ; Eilers, R. G. ; Lykins, B. W. ;
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Water Engineering Research Lab.
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA/600/J-84/231;
Stock Number PB85-169787
Additional Subjects Water treatment ; Potable water ; Industrial wastes ; Runoff ; Urban areas ; Operating costs ; Cost analysis ; Performance evaluation ; Reprints ; Granular activated carbon treatment ; Halomethanes
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB85-169787 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/21/1988
Collation 17p
Although admittedly effective for removing organic compounds, concerns have been raised about the cost of using GAC for treating drinking water. This paper is devoted to the discussion of the cost of granular activated carbon for removing organic compounds from drinking water. Activated carbon has been shown to be effective for removing a broad spectrum of organics from drinking water (VOC's, SOC's, TOC, etc) but is most effective for removing high molecular weight compounds. The costs developed in this paper coupled with the proper performance relationships should be useful for all of these applications. Extensive cost sensitivity analysis is performed. Several variables are identified as being important. These include choice of system configuration, loading rate and size of system, reactivation frequency, interest rate and design life of system, local construction and operating costs and carbon use rate.