||Disinfection of Bacteria Attached to Granular Activated Carbon.
LeChevallier, M. W. ;
Hassenauer, T. S. ;
Camper, A. K. ;
McFeters, G. A. ;
||Montana State Univ., Bozeman. Dept. of Microbiology.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Water Engineering Research Lab.
Water pollution control
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Heterotrophic plate count bacteria, coliform organisms, and pathogenic microorganisms attached to granular activated carbon (GAC) particles were examined for their susceptibility to chlorine disinfection. When these bacteria were grown on carbon particles and then disinfected with 2.0 mg of chlorine per liter (1.4 to 1.6 mg of free chlorine residual per liter after 1 hr) for 1 hr, no significant decrease in viable counts was observed. Washed cells attached to the surface of GAC particles showed similar resistance to chlorine, but a progressive increase in sublethal injury was found. Observations made by scanning electron microscope indicated that GAC was colonized by bacteria that grow in cracks and crevices and are coated by an extracellular slime layer. These data suggest a possible mechanism by which treatment and disinfection barriers can be penetrated and pathogenic bacteria may enter drinking water supplies.