Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Level I materials balance : benzene /
Author Hall, Robert L. ; Buitrago, Carlos ; Montecalvo, Frank ; Yatsko, Tom ; Slimak, Karen
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Callahan, Michael.
Callahan, Michaael
CORP Author JRB Associates.
Publisher JRB Associates, Inc.,
Year Published 1980
Report Number 68-01-5793; EPA 560/13-80-013; EPA 560/13-80-014; 2-800-03-379-51; EPA-68-01-5793
Stock Number PB80-185663
OCLC Number 41976399
Subjects Benzene ; Benzene as fuel
Additional Subjects Benzene ; Petroleum products ; Coal ; Material balance ; Manufcturing ; International trade ; Synthesis(Chemistry) ; Consumption ; Fuels ; Gasoline ; Design ; Process charting ; Catalysis ; Toluene ; Pyrolysis ; Chemical reactions ; Utilization ; Emission factors
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 560-13-80-014 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
NTIS  PB80-185663 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations ; 28 cm
A Level I materials balance was performed on benzene. Data are reported for benzene production from petroleum by four processes (catalytic reformation, toluene dealkylation, toluene disproportionation, and isolation from pyrolysis gasoline) and for production from coal during coking. Amounts of benzene consumed for the synthesis of nine direct derivatives (ethylbenzene, cumene, cyclohexane, nitrobenzene, maleic anhydride, mono- and dichlorobenzenes, alkylbenzenes, anthraquinone, and biphenyl) and exports are presented. These uses constitute approximately 93 percent of total benzene usage. Non-consumptive uses (solvents and inventory changes) are also tabulated. Emissions due to each of the above processes are reported or estimated where possible. In addition, emissions due to indirect production (refinery operation, coke oven operations, oil spills, non-ferrous metals manufacturing, ore mining, wood processing, coal mining, and two phases of the textle industry) are presented. Production of benzene as a component of gasoline and emissions due to gasoline use are estimated. Locations of sites with high densities of benzene producers and users are tabulated: the major 'hotspots' are Houston/Galveston, Texas; Corpus Christi, Texas; Beaumont/Port Arthur, Texas; and Puerto Rico. The uncertainty ranges of all numbers used or derived in this report are evaluated and general recommendations are presented. The results of the report are summarized in two figures: the Environmental Flow Diagram for benzene in Appendix A, and the Materials Balance Diagram in the Executive Summary.
"EPA 560/13-80-013"--Cover. "April 1980"--Cover. "Review copy."--Cover. "Submitted: May 9, 1980." "Contract no. 68-01-5793." "Michael Callahan - Project Officer."