Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Feasibility of hydraulic fracturing of soil to improve remedial actions /
Author Murdoch, L. C. ; Losonsky, G. ; Cluxton, P. ; Patterson, B. ; Klich, I.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Murdoch, L. C.
CORP Author Cincinnati Univ., OH.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Risk Reduction Engineering Lab.
Publisher Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmetal Protection Agency,
Year Published 1991
Report Number EPA 600-2-91-012; PB91-181818; EPA-68-03-3379
Stock Number PB91-181818
OCLC Number 25258458
Subjects Soil mechanics--Research. ; Hydraulic fracturing.
Additional Subjects Remedial action ; Land pollution control ; Hydraulic fracturing ; Hazardous materials ; Chemical compounds ; Soil contamination ; Soil environment ; Water pollution control ; Biological treatment ; Fluid flow ; Soil mechanics ; Boreholes ; Field tests ; Feasibility studies ; Technology utilization ; Soil flushing
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 600-2-91-012 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/16/2020
EMBD  EPA/600/2-91/012 NRMRL/GWERD Library/Ada,OK 05/01/1992
NTIS  PB91-181818 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation xi, 295 pages : illustrations
Hydraulic fracturing, a method of increasing fluid flow within the subsurface, should improve the effectiveness of several remedial techniques, including pump and treat, vapor extraction, bio-remediation, and soil-flushing. The technique is widely used to increase the yields of oil wells, but is untested under conditions typical of contaminated sites. The project consisted of laboratory experiments, where hydraulic fractures were created in a triaxial pressure cell, and two field tests, where fractures were created at shallow depths in soil. The lab tests showed that hydraulic fractures are readily created in clayey silt, even when it is saturated and loosely-consolidated. Many of the lab observations can be explained using parameters and analyses based on linear elastic fracture mechanics. Following the field tests, the vicinity of the boreholes was excavated to reveal details of the hydraulic fractures. Maximum lengths of the fractures, as measured from the borehold to the leading edge, averaged 4.0 m, and the average area was 19 sq m. Maximum thickness of sand ranged from 2 to 20 mm, averaging 11 mm. As many as four fractures were created from a single borehold, stacked one over the other at vertical spacing of 15 to 30 cm.
"EPA 600-2-91-012." "April 1991." Includes bibliographical references (pages 265-281). Print reproduction.