Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Evaluation of an Innovative Sand Filter for Small System Drinking Water Treatment.
Author C. A., Impellitteri ; C. L., Patterson ; N., Muhammad ; R., Sinha ; F., Stottlemyer
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH.; Shaw Environmental and Infrastructure, Inc., Cincinnati, OH.; International Rural Water Association White Hall, MD.; National Risk Management Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH. Office of Research and Development.
Year Published 2014
Report Number EPA/600/R-13/342
Stock Number PB2016-100732
Additional Subjects Drum flocculator ; Drum sand filter ; Microbiological contaminants ; Small community ; Tablet chlorinator ; Turbidity ; Sand filter ; Drinking water treatment
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2016-100732 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 05/06/2016
Collation 30p
Results of evaluation of an innovative sand filter that uses the concepts of both slow and rapid sand filtration are presented in this article. The system uses a low�cost “Drum Sand Filter� (DSF) that consists of a 55�gallon drum filled with layers of sand of varying size. A low�cost “Drum Flocculator� (DF) and tablet chlorination are incorporated before and after the DSF, respectively, to enhance the filter performance and to provide a final barrier against microbial contamination. The results of the evaluation demonstrated that the DSF with the DF and tablet chlorination is very effective in removing turbidity and the selected microbiological contaminants including Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Total and Fecal Coliform and Polystyrene Latex (PSL) beads, a surrogate for Cryptosporidium. The DF/DSF system evaluated in this work is meant to provide a low�cost system in order to provide basic water treatment for locations where such treatment is not available.