Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog
RECORD NUMBER: 8 OF 11
|OLS Field Name||OLS Field Data|
|Main Title||Modeling the toxicity of xenobiotics to aquatic organisms : basic concepts and approaches /|
|Author||Broderius, Steven J. ; Broderius., S. J.|
|CORP Author||Environmental Research Lab.-Duluth, MN.|
|Publisher||US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Research Laboratory,|
|Additional Subjects||Aquatic biology ; Toxicity ; Reprints ; Xenobiotics ; Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Toxic substances ; Pimephales promelas ; Structure-activity relationship ; Drug interaction|
In evaluating the effects of toxicants on aquatic communities, consideration should be given to the possibility that several chemicals may be present simultaneously and that joint toxicity is the reason for adverse impacts of pollutants on aquatic environments. Experiments were designed to assess the application of current methodology, classification schemes, and models to explore basic principles used in defining the joint toxicity of chemical mixtures to aquatic organisms. A procedure to identify combined effects of toxicants from the known or predicted toxicity of individual compounds is discussed. The specific end-point used was the 96-h LC50 for juvenile fathead minnows ('Pimephales promelas') exposed to individual chemicals, and binary and multiple equitoxic mixtures. The isobole diagram as generated for binary mixtures was successfully used to depict various types of response and define chemicals that apparently have a similar or different mode of toxic action as determined by a whole organism response. It was confirmed that chemicals with a primary and common mode of toxic action can be modeled by a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) and that each mode of toxic action should be characterized by a different empirically derived QSAR.
"EPA 600/D-90/063." Microfiche.