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Main Title Physical and engineering properties of hazardous industrial wastes and sludges /
Author Bartos, M. J. ; Bartos, Jr.,, M. J. ; Palermo., M. R.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Palermo, M. R.
CORP Author Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, Miss. Environmental Effects Lab.;Municipal Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, Ohio. Solid and Hazardous Waste Research Div.
Publisher Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA-600/2-77-139; PB-272 266
Stock Number PB-272 266
OCLC Number 06535222
Subjects Hazardous substances ; Factory and trade waste ; Factory and trade waste ; Hazardous substances
Additional Subjects Physical properties ; Hazardous materials ; Sludges ; Solid waste disposal ; Earth fills ; Water pollution control ; Air pollution control ; Industrial wastes ; Ponds ; Leaching ; Durability ; Grain size ; Specific gravity ; Atterberg limits ; Soils ; Compression tests ;
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 600-2-77-139 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/10/2014
EKBD  EPA-600/2-77-139 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 09/07/2001
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-77-139 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ESAD  EPA 600-2-77-139 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-272 266 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xi, 77 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
This report presents the results of a laboratory testing program to investigate the properties of raw and chemically fixed hazardous industrial wastes and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) sludges. Specimens of raw and fixed sludges were subjected to a variety of tests commonly used in soils engineering. The grain-size distributions, Atterberg limits, specific gravities, volume-weight-moisture relationships and permeabilities of raw and fixed sludges were determined. Selected fixed sludges were subjected to appropriate engineering properties (compaction and unconfined compression) tests and durability (wet-dry and freeze-thaw) tests. Test results show that fixing can cause significant changes in the properties of sludge, that fixed sludges are similar to soil, soil-cement, or low-strength concrete, and that properties are process-dependent. On the basis of test specimen behavior, fixed sludges can be expected to exhibit substantial engineering strength and suitability for landfill and embankment construction, although the durability tests show that weathering can be a problem unless the fixed sludges are protected by an earth cover.
EPA-600/2-77-139. Includes bibliographical references (p. 77).