Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title A study of flow reduction and treatment of waste water from households /
Author Baile, James R. ; Benoi, Richard J. ; Dodso, John L. ; Rob, James M. ; Wallma, Harold
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Bailey, James R.
CORP Author General Dynamics Corporation. Electric Boat Division.
Publisher [U.S. Federal Water Quality Administration]; for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.,
Year Published 1969
Report Number EPA-11050-FKE-12-69; FWQA-14-12-428; 04617; EPA 950-R-69-053
Stock Number PB-197 599
OCLC Number 00138171
Subjects Drainage, House ; Water conservation--United States ; Sewage disposal--United States
Additional Subjects ( Water consumption ; Houses) ; ( Attitude surveys ; Water consumption) ; ( Sewage treatment ; Houses) ; ( Toilet facilities ; Water conservation) ; ( Plumbing ; Water conservation) ; Reviews ; Water quality ; Septic tanks ; Sanitary engineering ; Osmosis ; Electrodialysis ; Electrolysis ; Water conservation ; Toilet facilities ; Cost estimates
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 11050-FKE-12-69 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 06/26/2015
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 11050-FKE-12-69 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD RPS EPA 11050-FKE-12-69 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/17/2014
ELBD  EPA 11050-FKE-12-69 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 05/16/2019
NTIS  PB-197 599 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation x, 154 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
The literature on household water quantity and quality requirements was reviewed, an average water use pattern postulated, and the amount of water used in various households functions was estimated. Comparisons of different water saving devices were made on a cost basis. Water quality is considered from three points of view: health, aesthetics, and engineering suitabil,ity. The future water demands may necessitate very strict disposal requirements and multiple water quality levels although the present standards do not tend to allow the use of several levels of water quality such as using laundering effluent for toilet flushing. Waste disposal problems of homes not connected to central sewerage systems were discussed. Septic tanks, change of phase processes, membrane processes, electrolytic processes, and other processes were evaluated, mainly on a cost basis. Most of the methods considered do not appear to be suitable for individual households at this time but with changes in economic factors and technical improvements some of these methods may be attractive for future use. A survey of homeowners, architects-engineers, plumbers and plumbing equipment manufacturers was conducted to obtain representative reactions to methods used to control water quantity and quality and waste water treatment processes. (Author)
"11050FKE 12/69." Prepared for the Federal Water Quality Administration, Dept. of the Interior. Includes bibliographical references (pages 127-130).
Contents Notes
Introduction -- Present water system requirements -- The waste disposal problem of homes not connected to central sewerage systems -- Household plumbing fixtures to reduce water usage requirements -- Possible techniques for improvement of household waste treatment -- Engineering study and evaluation of processes for water conservation and waste treatment -- Survey results -- Conclusions and recommendations -- Appendices : tables. This study was conducted to find practical means of waste flow reduction or waste treatment for the ordinary household. Present water quality and quantity requirements were reviewed to determine the areas where better water and waste management would be most beneficial. Homeowners, plumbers, architect-engineers, and equipment manufacturers were surveyed to obtain representative opinions from the people who would control the use of any flow reduction or treatment schemes. The results of the study and the consumer survey show that the water used in household functions such as bathing and toilet flushing can be substantially reduced by the use of more efficient appliances and plumbing devices. The use of most advanced waste treatment techniques and the reuse of waste waters is not considered practical except for cases of unusual problems and extremely high water or waste disposal costs.