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Main Title Multipurpose gelling agent and its application to spilled hazardous materials /
Author Michalovic, J. G. ; Akers, C. K. ; Baier, R. E. ; Pilie., R. J.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Michalovic, J. G.
Lafornara, Joseph P.
CORP Author Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, Ohio.
Publisher Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA/600-2-77-151; EPA-68-03-2093
Stock Number PB-272 763
OCLC Number 08407519
Subjects Hazardous substances ; Gelation
Additional Subjects Hazardous materials ; Gelling agents ; Performance evaluation ; Dispersion ; Physical properties ; Environmental surveys ; Liquid wastes ; Hazardous materials spills
Internet Access
Description Access URL
https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=20014PJZ.PDF
Holdings
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
Modified
Checkout
Status
EJBD  EPA 600-2-77-151 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 02/26/2014
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-77-151 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ESAD  EPA 600-2-77-151 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-272 763 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation vii, 47 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Abstract
Previously, a blend of materials was formulated that would spontaneously gel a wide variety of hazardous liquids. This blend, known as the Multipurpose Gelling Agent (MGA), has been optimized to obtain a balanced formulation that will effectively gel and immobilize most spilled hazardous liquids within minutes. The current formulation, consisting of four powdered polymers and one inorganic powder, has the ability to immobilize spilled liquids with the least amount of material in the shortest period of time. In field testing of the powdered blend, it was observed that when air conveyance modes of dispersal were employed high losses occurred due to the effects of wind. Three compressed and granulated forms of the gelling agent were developed which are clearly superior to the original powdered blend for delivery to liquid spill targets. Various off-the-shelf dry solid dispersion devices were evaluated and the most promising systems field tested on simulated and actual spill targets, both in pools and in linear ditches. The results show that MGA provides an efficient means to mitigate the damages from hazardous liquid spills.
Notes
Project officer: Joseph P. Lafornara.