Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Inorganic Compound Identificatioon of Fly Ash Emissions from Municipal Incinerators.
Author Henry, W. M. ; Barbour, R. L. ; Jakobsen, R. J. ; Schumacher, P. M. ;
CORP Author Battelle Columbus Labs., OH.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Office of Research and Development.
Year Published 1982
Report Number EPA-68-02-2296; EPA-600/3-82-095;
Stock Number PB83-146175
Additional Subjects Fly ash ; Chemical analysis ; Inorganic compounds ; Solid waste disposal ; Air pollution ; Incinerators ; Sewage ; Particles ; Soot ; Chlorides ; Inorganic sulfates ; Inorganic phosphates ; X ray diffraction ; Infrared spectroscopy ; Sewage sludge ; Fourier transform spectroscopy
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB83-146175 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation 37p
Particulate matter emitted as fly ash from municipal refuse and sludge incineration operations consists largely (>90 percent) of inorganic species, including soot. Although commonly these inorganics are referred to as oxides, it is evident from the compositions of the waste being combusted that chlorides, sulfates, and, in the case of sludge, phosphates are potential reactant products in the combustion process. This report presents a brief summary of existing data on the composition of ashes resulting from various municipal refuse and sludge incineration operations and new data as to the inorganic compounds present. Several samples of stack emission fly ash were collected and analyzed in detail for their elemental contents in order to provide insight as to the potential inorganic compounds possibly present. Then compound identification work was performed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform infrared (FT-IR) techniques. The compound analyses showed the presence of many inorganic compounds in addition to oxides in the fly ashes. The use of the FT-IR technique is detailed in the report because its application to inorganic species identification is relatively new.