||Distribution and Characterization of PCBs (Polychlorinated Biphenyls) in Lake Michigan Water.
Swackhamer, D. L. ;
Armstrong, D. E. ;
||Wisconsin Univ.-Madison.;Environmental Research Lab.-Duluth, MN.;National Sea Grant Coll. Program, Rockville, MD.
Chlorine organic compounds ;
Water pollution ;
Lake Michigan ;
Chemical equilibrium ;
Distribution functions ;
Water-particle partition coefficient
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Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in the water column of Lake Michigan at 28 stations. Distributions between dissolved and particulate phases were used to evaluate the partitioning behavior of PCBs. The average PCB concentration in Lake Michigan was 1.8 ng/l, corresponding to a total PCB burden of 8,900 kg. The average PCB concentration was significantly lower in open lake (1.2 ng/l) than in nearshore zone samples (3.2 ng/l). Concentrations in Green Bay were elevated compared to the rest of the lake. Variations in concentration with depth were small. The average log of the water-particle partition coefficient (Kp) was 5.9. Little dependence of Kp on particulate organic carbon was observed. A relationship was found between log Kp and log SPM (suspended particulate matter) concentration, perhaps reflecting association of a non-filterable fraction of the SPM with the aqueous phase.