Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Definitive SOx control process evaluations : aqueous carbonate and Wellman-Lord (acid, Allied Chemical, and Resox) FGD technologies /
Author Byrd, J. R. ; Anderson, K. D. ; Tomlinson, S. V. ; Torstrick, R. L. ;
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Byrd, J. R.
CORP Author Tennessee Valley Authority, Muscle Shoals, AL. Div. of Energy Demonstrations and Technology.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; Tennessee Valley Authority, Office of Power, Energy Demonstrations and Technology ; National Technical Information Service [distributor],
Year Published 1981
Report Number EPA-600/7-81-099; TVA EDT-121; EPA-IAG-D9-E721-B1
Stock Number PB82-118670
OCLC Number 07758956
Subjects Flue gases--Desulfurization ; Sulfur compounds ; Flue gases--Desulphurization ; Sulphur compounds
Additional Subjects Air pollution control ; Sulfur oxides ; Technology ; Industrial wastes ; Combustion products ; Cost analysis ; Capitalized costs ; Operating costs ; Flue gases ; Fly ash ; Chlorides ; Wellman process ; Flue gas desulfurization
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAM  EPA-600/7-81-099 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 05/25/2016
EJBD  EPA-600/7-81-099 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 06/04/2013
EKBD  EPA-600/7-81-099 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 01/04/2018
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA-600/7-81-099 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ESAD  EPA 600-7-81-099 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB82-118670 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xxx, 289 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
The report gives results of economic evaluations of two processes: the Rockwell International aqueous carbonate process (ACP) and the Wellman-Lord process, the latter applied to a sulfuric acid plant, the Foster Wheeler Resox process, and the Allied Chemical coal reduction process, all for sulfur production. The ACP uses a spray dryer flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system and molten salt reduction with coal to make sulfur. For a 500-MW power plant burning 3.5% sulfur coal, capital investments for the ACP and the Wellman-Lord (acid, Resox, and Allied) processes are $119, $131, $138, and $141/kW, respectively. Annual revenue requirements are 4.81, 5.11, 6.03, and 5.94 mills/kWh, respectively. The ACP has a major cost advantage because it incorporates final fly ash and chloride removal as process functions. Fly ash removal credits and Wellman-Lord chloride control costs essentially determine the capital investment relationships of the processes. The ACP has a major advantage in annual revenue requirements because it does not need process or reheat steam. Wellman-Lord process costs are the same for all three applications. The cost difference results from end plant costs to produce acid or sulfur. The cost relationship could be affected by further development. The ACP, Resox, and Allied processes have not been operated as commercial FGD systems.
"June 1981." Includes bibliographical references (pages 148-152). "TVA EDT-121." "EPA-IAG-D9-E721-B1." "Program element no. INE827."