||Toxicity and Fate of Total Residual Chlorine in Outdoor Experimental Streams (Book Chapter).
Hermanutz, R. O. ;
Allen, K. N. ;
Hedtke, S. F. ;
||Environmental Research Lab.-Duluth, Monticello, MN. Monticello Ecological Research Station.
Environmental monitoring ;
Water pollution effects(Animals) ;
Freshwater fishes ;
Water quality ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
The purpose of the study was to determine in outdoor streams the relative sensitivity of selected organisms to chlorine, to evaluate the degree to which the 4-d criterion protects the structure and function of aquatic ecosystems, and to compare the toxicity and persistence or fate of different forms of TRC. In 1985 chlorine alone was tested and in 1986 chlorine was tested with and without the addition of ammonia. The comparisons of the forms of TRC are based on the supposition that the addition of ammonia (as ammonium chloride and ammonium hydroxide) caused a shift in the composition of TRC to a higher percentage of chloramines. (Copyright (c) 1990 Lewis Publisher, Inc.).