Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Development of High-Energy Batteries for Electric Vehicles.
Author Cairn, E. J. ; Steunenber, R. K. ; Ackerma, J. P. ; Fea, B. A. ; Grue, D. M. ;
CORP Author Argonne National Lab., Ill. Chemical Engineering Div.
Year Published 1971
Report Number 0875;
Stock Number PB-205 254
Additional Subjects ( Storage batteries ; Design criteria) ; ( Electric vehicles ; Storage batteries) ; Air pollution ; Battery electrolytes ; Electric automobiles ; Lithium ; Sulfur ; Molten salt electrolytes ; Lithium oxides ; Aluminates ; Aluminum oxides ; Fabrication ; Tests ; Lithium sulfur cells ; High energy batteries
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-205 254 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation 98p
The objective of the program described is to develop the technology required to construct secondary batteries having the performance capabilities required for pollution-free electric automobiles. Lithium/sulfur cells using a molten lithium halide-containing electrolyte and operating at 360 to 390 C have achieved capacity densities of up to 0.52 A-hr/sq cm (above 1 V) at a current density of 0.52 A/sq cm. The cell development program is supported by laboratory studies in various areas. The solubility of cathode materials in various electrolytes and the identity of the soluble species are studied. Preliminary results indicate that electrolytes containing only fluoride and chloride anions have the lowest solubility for sulfur-bearing species. A survey of candidate solid electrolytes has led to the investigation of the lithium form of B-alumina. Investigations were made of the corrosion rates of various materials at 375 C, and battery design and performance calculations were carried out for a 1075-lb Li/s battery in a 4300 lb electric automobile. (Author)