Mill Trials of a Novel Formaldehyde-Free Soy-Based Wood Adhesive for Making Plywood

EPA Contract Number: EPD10033
Title: Mill Trials of a Novel Formaldehyde-Free Soy-Based Wood Adhesive for Making Plywood
Investigators: Geng, Yu
Small Business: Lao K LLC
EPA Contact: Richards, April
Phase: I
Project Period: March 1, 2010 through August 31, 2010
Project Amount: $69,975
RFA: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) - Phase I (2010) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) , SBIR - Green Buildings


Interior wood composite panels are widely used for furniture, bookshelves, kitchen cabinets, and flooring, and are predominately made with carcinogenic urea-formaldehyde (UF) resin. A new formaldehyde-free, environmentally friendly wood adhesive that mainly consists of abundant, renewable and readily available soybean flour and a novel curing agent have been developed in a laboratory. The novel curing agent is derived from renewable glycerol. The overall goal of this project is to investigate if a large quantity of this novel curing agent can be produced in a pilot-scale reactor and if this new soy-based adhesive can be used for the production of plywood in a commercial plywood production plant. If this project is successful, the new adhesive is expected to be highly environmentally friendly, based on 1005 renewable materials, and cost-competitive to all competitive wood adhesives on the market. The results of this project will provide a solid foundation for full-scale production of this new adhesive in the near future. This project addresses the program priority:  “A. Green Building Materials and Systems.”

Supplemental Keywords:

small business, SBIR, EPA, green buildings, plywood, wood adhesive, soy-based adhesive, renewable materials, wood adhesives, formaldehyde, formaldehyde-free adhesive, plywood production, sustainable,

Progress and Final Reports:

  • Final
  • SBIR Phase II:

    Commercialization of a Formaldehyde-free Soy-based Adhesive for Production of Plywood  | Final Report