Elimination of Hazardous Waste Via Advanced Composite Dry Plating System

EPA Contract Number: 68D30080
Title: Elimination of Hazardous Waste Via Advanced Composite Dry Plating System
Investigators: Sunthankar, Mandar
Small Business: IonEdge Corporation
EPA Contact: Richards, April
Phase: II
Project Period: September 1, 1993 through April 1, 1995
Project Amount: $150,000
RFA: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) - Phase II (1993) Recipients Lists
Research Category: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)


Liquid chemical electroplating is known to generate large quantities of solid and liquid waste. On the other hand, a unique dry plating process developed by the IonEdge Corporation eliminates liquid chemical and recycles pure solid metals in situ during plating. Recently, a composite electroplating process has emerged as an alternative to hazardous cadmium electroplating in the fastener industry. The feasibility of dry plating this composite in an environmentally safe manner was demonstrated in Phase I.

The dry plating of the composite was developed using a laboratory set-up. In Phase II, the IonEdge Corporation proposed to advance this method into a pilot-scale batch planning process and system. This apparatus will be a scaled-up model of the Phase I proof-of- concept. The in situ reclaim features of the dry plating process will be incorporated. The physical properties of the composite will be optimized using statistical design of experiments. The composite plated components will be tested for commercial applications. After successful demonstration, the system will be evaluated on pilot-line by the commercial collaborators of IonEdge during Phase III.

Supplemental Keywords:

RFA, Scientific Discipline, Air, Toxics, Sustainable Industry/Business, cleaner production/pollution prevention, Environmental Chemistry, Sustainable Environment, Chemistry, HAPS, Technology for Sustainable Environment, New/Innovative technologies, Chemistry and Materials Science, Engineering, Engineering, Chemistry, & Physics, Environmental Engineering, in-process recycling, waste reduction, dry plating, composite dry plating, electroplating, dry plating , electroless plating, pollution prevention, Cadmium Compounds

Progress and Final Reports:

  • Final