2013 Progress Report: Combining Empirical Orthogonal Function and Extreme Value Theory Methods to Characterize Observed and Future Changes in Extreme U.S. Air Pollution Events

EPA Grant Number: R835206
Title: Combining Empirical Orthogonal Function and Extreme Value Theory Methods to Characterize Observed and Future Changes in Extreme U.S. Air Pollution Events
Investigators: Fiore, Arlene M , Polvani, Lorenzo M
Institution: Columbia University in the City of New York
EPA Project Officer: Chung, Serena
Project Period: June 1, 2012 through May 31, 2015 (Extended to May 31, 2016)
Project Period Covered by this Report: June 1, 2013 through June 1,2014
Project Amount: $749,951
RFA: Extreme Event Impacts on Air Quality and Water Quality with a Changing Global Climate (2011) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Air Quality and Air Toxics , Water Quality , Climate Change , Air , Water

Objective:

With a suite of observations and models, we will identify and characterize changes in extreme ozone and particulate matter events and their underlying meteorological drivers leading to extreme air pollution events over the past several decades as well as for a variety of future climate and emission scenarios. We will also examine changes in the intensity and duration of extreme precipitation events and extended periods of extreme drought, to provide information on two of the key hazards affecting water quality.

Progress Summary:

With a suite of chemistry-climate simulations, we are quantifying changes in climate and pollution extremes under several global change scenarios. We have characterized changes in extreme surface ozone events over the Eastern United States separately under climate change and combined climate and pollutant emission scenarios. In order to estimate changes in policy-relevant statistics, despite baseline biases in a chemistry-climate model, we have also developed and applied a statistical bias correction at the regional scale. We found that observed surface ozone seasonal cycles over the Northeastern United States are shifting in response to regional precursor emission controls and further examined how they respond to changes in regional precursor emission controls, global methane, and climate change in a chemistry-climate model. We conclude that continued changes in the balance between regional ozone production and background ozone could lead to a reversal of the seasonal cycle in presently polluted regions over the coming decades, thereby altering the baseline upon which extreme ozone pollution events build. We are exploring the role of aerosols versus greenhouse gases in contributing to changes in extreme precipitation and temperature events over the United States and evaluating these forced responses relative to climate variability.

Future Activities:

We will extend our work to other U.S. regions and seasons, and will additionally examine PM2.5 pollution. We are working to advance mechanistic understanding of extreme temperature, precipitation, pollution events and their joint occurrence. To the extent possible, we will examine multiple chemistry-climate models to determine where projected changes are most robust.


Journal Articles on this Report : 2 Displayed | Download in RIS Format

Other project views: All 48 publications 11 publications in selected types All 11 journal articles
Type Citation Project Document Sources
Journal Article Clifton OE, Fiore AM, Correa G, Horowitz LW, Naik V. Twenty-first century reversal of the surface ozone seasonal cycle over the northeastern United States. Geophysical Research Letters 2014;41(20):7343-7350. R835206 (2013)
R835206 (2014)
R835206 (Final)
  • Full-text: UCAR-Full Text PDF
    Exit
  • Abstract: Wiley Online-Abstract
    Exit
  • Other: Wiley Online-Full Text PDF
    Exit
  • Journal Article Rieder HE, Fiore AM, Horowitz LW, Naik V. Projecting policy-relevant metrics for high summertime ozone pollution events over the eastern United States due to climate and emission changes during the 21st century. Journal of Geophysical Research:Atmospheres 2015;120(2):784-800. R835206 (2013)
    R835206 (2014)
    R835206 (Final)
  • Full-text: Columbia University-Full Text PDF
    Exit
  • Abstract: Wiley Online-Abstract
    Exit
  • Supplemental Keywords:

    Ambient air, global climate, precipitation, sustainable air quality management, sustainable water management, global change, regional climate change, air pollution episodes, ozone, aerosol, modeling, general circulation models, climate models

    Relevant Websites:

    http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~amfiore/amf_presentations.html Exit

    Progress and Final Reports:

    Original Abstract
    2012 Progress Report
    2014 Progress Report
    Final Report