2016 Progress Report: Exposure Mapping – Characterization of Gases and Particles for ExposureAssessment in Health Effects and Laboratory Studies

EPA Grant Number: R834796C001
Subproject: this is subproject number 001 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R834796
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: University of Washington Center for Clean Air Research
Center Director: Vedal, Sverre
Title: Exposure Mapping – Characterization of Gases and Particles for ExposureAssessment in Health Effects and Laboratory Studies
Investigators: Yost, Michael , Jobson, B. Thomas , Larson, Timothy V. , Simpson, Chris , VanReken, Timothy M.
Institution: University of Washington , Washington State University
EPA Project Officer: Callan, Richard
Project Period: December 1, 2010 through November 30, 2015 (Extended to November 30, 2017)
Project Period Covered by this Report: August 1, 2015 through July 31,2016
RFA: Clean Air Research Centers (2009) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Air Quality and Air Toxics , Air

Objective:

Roadway-source air pollutants encomass a diversity of chemicals, including both particulate and gas phase comonents which are transformed by chemical and physical reactions as they age in the environment. Consequently, human exposures to air pollutants can range from relatively un-aged to highly aged components that vary with resect to article size and the chemical composition of article and gas phase components. To obtain a more comprehensive understanding of the seasonal and spatial variability in the concentration and composition of air pollutant exosures within MESA-Air cities, we employ mobile and fixed-site monitoring to assess both gas and article components of these pollutants as they age from roadway sources to population areas.

The main project objectives are:

1. Characterize spatial and temoral gradients of selected air pollutants along roadways and within neighborhoods in MESA cities using a mobile platform.

2. Measure spatial variation in concentrations of selected air pollutants at two-week average stationary sites in coordination with the mobile measurements.

3. Characterize aging of air pollutant components as they are transported from roadway sources to neighborhood receptor locations.

4. Provide detailed characterization of laboratory exposure conditions available for toxicology testing, and identify likely conditions that mimic those found in urban settings.

Progress Summary:

The bulk of Project 1 was completed in the first five years of the Center. Work over the last year has focused primarily on data analysis and manuscript preparation. Recent publications include manuscripts on the impacts of air pollution at the US-Mexico border (Galaviz et al. 2015) and near airports (Riley et al. 2016a). We have also recently published a paper investigating the correlations between mobile and passive badge monitoring data (Riley et al. 2016b). Project 1 researchers have also supported Project 5 and Biostatistics Core researchers with data preparation and data analysis for the multipollutant exposure analysis piece of that project and Project 4 researchers with data collection for the commute exposures. 

Future Activities:

Activities in the next year will focus on manuscript preparation. Work on publications and dissemination of results is underway and will continue in the remaining no-cost extension period. 

References:

  1. Galaviz VE, Quintana PJE, Yost MG, Sheppard L, Paulsen MH, Camp JE, Simpson CD. Urinary metabolites of 1-nitropyrene in US-Mexico border residents who frequently cross the San Ysidro Port of Entry. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. 2015, advance online publication.
  2. Riley EA, Gould T, Hartin K, Fruin SA, Simpson CD, Yost MG, Larson T (2016a). Ultrafine particle size as a tracer for aircraft turbine emissions. Atmospheric Environment. 2016, 139:20-29.
  3. Riley EA, Schaal L, Sasakura M, Crampton R, Gould TR, Hartin K, Sheppard L, Larson T, Simpson CD, Yost MG (2016b). Correlations between short-term mobile monitoring and long-term passive sampler measurements of traffic related air pollution. Atmospheric Environment. 2016, 132: 229-239.


Journal Articles on this Report : 11 Displayed | Download in RIS Format

Other subproject views: All 43 publications 18 publications in selected types All 18 journal articles
Other center views: All 187 publications 87 publications in selected types All 86 journal articles
Type Citation Sub Project Document Sources
Journal Article Galaviz VE, Quintana PJE, Yost MG, Sheppard L, Paulsen MH, Camp JE, Simpson CD. Urinary metabolites of 1-nitropyrene in US-Mexico border residents who frequently cross the San Ysidro Port of Entry. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 2017;27(1):84-89. R834796 (2016)
R834796 (Final)
R834796C001 (2016)
R834796C001 (Final)
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Abstract: JESEE-Abstract
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  • Other: ResearchGate-Abstract
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  • Journal Article Larson T, Gould T, Riley EA, Austin E, Fintzi J, Sheppard L, Yost M, Simpson C. Ambient air quality measurements from a continuously moving mobile platform: estimation of area-wide, fuel-based, mobile source emission factors using absolute principal component scores. Atmospheric Environment 2017;152:201-211. R834796 (2016)
    R834796 (Final)
    R834796C001 (2016)
    R834796C001 (Final)
  • Full-text: Science Direct-Full Text HTML
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  • Abstract: Science Direct-Abstract
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  • Other: Science Direct-Full Text PDF
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  • Journal Article Riley EA, Banks L, Fintzi J, Gould TR, Hartin K, Schaal L, Davey M, Sheppard L, Larson T, Yost MG, Simpson CD. Multi-pollutant mobile platform measurements of air pollutants adjacent to a major roadway. Atmospheric Environment 2014;98:492-499. R834796 (2014)
    R834796 (2015)
    R834796 (Final)
    R834796C001 (2015)
    R834796C001 (2016)
    R834796C001 (Final)
  • Full-text from PubMed
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Associated PubMed link
  • Full-text: ScienceDirect-Full Text HTML
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  • Abstract: ScienceDirect-Abstract
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  • Other: ScienceDirect-Full Text PDF
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  • Journal Article Riley EA, Gould T, Hartin K, Fruin SA, Simpson CD, Yost MG, Larson T. Ultrafine particle size as a tracer for aircraft turbine emissions. Atmospheric Environment 2016;139:20-29. R834796 (2016)
    R834796 (Final)
    R834796C001 (2016)
    R834796C001 (Final)
  • Full-text from PubMed
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Associated PubMed link
  • Full-text: Science Direct-Full Text HTML
    Exit
  • Abstract: Science Direct-Abstract
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  • Other: Science Direct-Full Text PDF
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  • Journal Article Riley EA, Schaal L, Sasakura M, Crampton R, Gould TR, Hartin K, Sheppard L, Larson T, Simpson CD, Yost MG. Correlations between short-term mobile monitoring and long-term passive sampler measurements of traffic-related air pollution. Atmospheric Environment 2016;132:229-239. R834796 (2016)
    R834796 (Final)
    R834796C001 (2016)
    R834796C001 (Final)
  • Full-text from PubMed
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Associated PubMed link
  • Full-text: Science Direct-Full Text HTML
    Exit
  • Abstract: Science Direct-Abstract
    Exit
  • Other: Science Direct-Full Text PDF
    Exit
  • Journal Article Xu W, Riley EA, Austin E, Sasakura M, Schaal L, Gould TR, Hartin K, Simpson CD, Sampson PD, Yost MG, Larson TV, Xiu G, Vedal S. Use of mobile and passive badge air monitoring data for NOx and ozone air pollution spatial exposure prediction models. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 2017;27(2):184-192. R834796 (Final)
    R834796C001 (2015)
    R834796C001 (2016)
    R834796C001 (Final)
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Abstract: Nature-Abstract
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  • Other: Ovid-Abstract
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  • Journal Article Herring CL, Faiola CL, Massoli P, Sueper D, Erickson MH, McDonald JD, Simpson CD, Yost MG, Jobson BT, VanReken TM:New Methodology for Quantifying Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) Using High-Resolution Aerosol Mass Spectrometry. Aerosol Science and Technology. 2015, 49(11):1131-1148. R834796C001 (2016)
    not available
    Journal Article Galaviz V, Yost M, Simpson C, Camp J, Paulsen M, Elder J, Hoffman L, Flores D, Quintana P:Traffic pollutant exposures experienced by pedestrians waiting to enter the US at a major US–Mexico border crossing. Atmospheric Environment. 2014, 88:362-369. R834796C001 (2016)
    not available
    Journal Article Erickson M, Gueneron M, Jobson B:Measuring long chain alkanes in diesel engine exhaust by thermal desorption PTR-MS. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques. 2014, 7(1):225-239. R834796C001 (2016)
    not available
    Journal Article Hudda N, Gould T, Hartin K, Larson TV, Fruin SA:Emissions from an international airport increase particle number concentrations 4-fold at 10 km downwind. Environmental science & technology. 2014, 48(12):6628-6635. R834796C001 (2016)
    not available
    Journal Article Gueneron M, Erickson MH, VanderSchelden GS, Jobson BT:PTR-MS fragmentation patterns of gasoline hydrocarbons. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry. 2015, 379:97-109. R834796C001 (2016)
    not available

    Supplemental Keywords:

    Exposure science, Community Exposures, Chemical Transport, Mobile Monitoring, Health, Scientific Discipline, Air, ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, Air Quality, air toxics, Health Risk Assessment, Risk Assessments, mobile sources, Biochemistry, Environmental Monitoring, Atmospheric Sciences, Risk Assessment, ambient air quality, atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter, aerosol particles, air pollutants, motor vehicle emissions, vehicle emissions, air quality models, motor vehicle exhaust, airway disease, bioavailability, air pollution, particle exposure, atmospheric aerosols, ambient particle health effects, vascular dysfunction, cardiotoxicity, atmospheric chemistry, exposure assessment

    Relevant Websites:

    University of Washington Center for Clear Air Research Exit

    Progress and Final Reports:

    Original Abstract
  • 2011 Progress Report
  • 2012 Progress Report
  • 2013 Progress Report
  • 2014
  • 2015 Progress Report
  • Final Report

  • Main Center Abstract and Reports:

    R834796    University of Washington Center for Clean Air Research

    Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R834796C001 Exposure Mapping – Characterization of Gases and Particles for ExposureAssessment in Health Effects and Laboratory Studies
    R834796C002 Simulated Roadway Exposure Atmospheres for Laboratory Animal and Human Studies
    R834796C003 Cardiovascular Consequences of Immune Modification by Traffic-Related Emissions
    R834796C004 Vascular Response to Traffic-Derived Inhalation in Humans
    R834796C005 Effects of Long-Term Exposure to Traffic-Derived Particles and Gases on Subclinical Measures of Cardiovascular Disease in a Multi-Ethnic Cohort