Nanocrystalline Materials for Removal of Reduced Sulfur and Nitrogen Compounds From Fuel Gas

EPA Contract Number: EPD08065
Title: Nanocrystalline Materials for Removal of Reduced Sulfur and Nitrogen Compounds From Fuel Gas
Investigators: Winecki, Slawomir
Small Business: NanoScale Materials, Inc.
EPA Contact: Manager, SBIR Program
Phase: II
Project Period: May 1, 2008 through April 30, 2010
Project Amount: $225,000
RFA: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) - Phase II (2008) Recipients Lists
Research Category: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) , SBIR - Air Pollution

Description:

Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC), which uses a gasilier to convert coal to fuel gas, and then uses a combined cycle power block to generate electricity. is one of the most promising technologies for generating electricity from coal in an environmentally sustainable way. IGCC has many advantages over traditional technologies including: higher efficiency, lower pollutant emissions, and a possibility of carbon capture and sequestration. One of the remaining challenges for the IGCC is the need to develop a cleanup technology to remove reduced sulfur and nitrogen compounds from the hot fuel gas at gasification operating temperatures.

NanoScale Corporation proposed development of nanocrystalline sorbents and catalysts for hot gas cleanup technology to allow for removal of reduced sulfur (H2S and COS) and ammonia pollutants from coal-generated fuel gases at gasification operating temperatures. In Phase I, several sorbents and catalysts were synthesized and evaluated with real fuel gas from the gasifier at Western Research Institute (WRI). These sorbents and catalysts were tailored to selectively react with reduced sulfur and nitrogen compounds present in fuel gas and were found to be immune to other components of the fuel gas. Two materials, a sorbent for removal of reduced sulfur pollutants and a catalyst for ammonia decomposition, were found to be particularly effective approach proposed by NanoScale utilizes manufacturing methods that are easily scalable, cost efficient, and environmentally friendly.

In the proposed Phase II project, the most effective Phase I materials will be optimized, and their ideal predominance parameters will also be determined to enable most efficient operation under IGCC fuel gas conditions. The testing will include both laboratory scale experiments, as well as pilot-scale demonstrations with real fuel gas at WRI. The results of the proposed project should clearly demonstrate the advantage of using nanocrystalline materials for hot fuel gas cleanup and the feasibility of the NanoScale approach.

The proposed project offers environmental benefits that can revolutionize current control methods by providing sorbent and catalyst materials that are technically superior to existing materials. Possible applications of the proposed technology include IGCC plants and other pollution control systems. Benefits offered by nanocrystalline sorbents, including enhanced chemical kinetics and increased removal capacities, have been demonstrated for many toxic chemicals and pollutants.

NanoScale is uniquely qualified for the proposed development since it is a leader in the field of reactive nanocrystalline materials.

Supplemental Keywords:

RFA, Scientific Discipline, TREATMENT/CONTROL, Sustainable Industry/Business, Sustainable Environment, Technology, Technology for Sustainable Environment, Environmental Engineering, desulfurization, clean technologies, air pollution control, nanotechnology, flue gas, nanocrystalline chemicals

Progress and Final Reports:

  • Final

  • SBIR Phase I:

    Nanocrystalline Materials for Removal of Reduced Sulfur and Nitrogen Compounds From Fuel Gas  | Final Report