Modeling Relationships Between Mobile Source Particle Emissions and Population Exposures

EPA Grant Number: R827353C012
Subproject: this is subproject number 012 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R827353
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center (NUATRC)
Center Director: Beskid, Craig
Title: Modeling Relationships Between Mobile Source Particle Emissions and Population Exposures
Investigators: Spengler, John D.
Current Investigators: Spengler, John D. , Evans, John S. , Greco, Susan L , Levy, Jonathan , Stevens, G. , Wilson, A.
Institution: Harvard University
Current Institution: Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health , Harvard University
EPA Project Officer: Chung, Serena
Project Period: June 1, 1999 through May 31, 2005 (Extended to May 31, 2006)
RFA: Airborne Particulate Matter (PM) Centers (1999) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Air Quality and Air Toxics , Particulate Matter , Air

Objective:

For year 6 of the project, we had proposed extending our intake fraction (iF) methodology to address motor vehicle emissions, as a way of informing PM control decisions and future analyses.  Our specific objectives were to:

  • Evaluate geographic patterns in primary and secondary particulate matter iFs for mobile sources, using a national-scale source-receptor (S-R) matrix
  • Determine the relative contributions of near-source and long-range populations to particulate matter iFs for mobile sources in different geographic locations
  • Develop predictive regression equations for iFs to explain geographic patterns as a function of population density and meteorological covariates.

Publications and Presentations:

Publications have been submitted on this subproject: View all 3 publications for this subprojectView all 200 publications for this center

Journal Articles:

Journal Articles have been submitted on this subproject: View all 3 journal articles for this subprojectView all 197 journal articles for this center

Supplemental Keywords:

exposure, health effects, susceptibility, metals, public policy, biology, engineering, epidemiology, toxicology, environmental chemistry, monitoring, air pollutants, air pollution, air quality, ambient air, ambient air monitoring, ambient air quality, ambient measurement methods, ambient monitoring, ambient particle health effects, ambient particles, animal inhalation study, assessment of exposure, biological mechanism, biological response, cardiopulmonary, cardiopulmonary response, cardiovascular disease, chemical exposure, children, developmental effects, dosimetry, environmental health hazard, exposure and effects, genetic susceptibility, health risks, human exposure, human health, human health effects, human health risk, human susceptibility, indoor air quality, indoor exposure, inhalation, inhalation toxicology, inhaled particles, lead, measurement methods, particle exposure, particulate exposure, particulates, pulmonary, pulmonary disease, respiratory, respiratory disease, risk assessment, sensitive populations, stratospheric ozone,, RFA, Health, Scientific Discipline, PHYSICAL ASPECTS, Air, ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, HUMAN HEALTH, Air Pollution Monitoring, particulate matter, Toxicology, air toxics, Environmental Chemistry, Epidemiology, Air Pollution Effects, Risk Assessments, Susceptibility/Sensitive Population/Genetic Susceptibility, Environmental Monitoring, Health Effects, Physical Processes, Children's Health, genetic susceptability, indoor air, tropospheric ozone, Molecular Biology/Genetics, Biology, Environmental Engineering, Risk Assessment, particulates, microbiology, ambient air quality, chemical exposure, interindividual variability, molecular epidemiology, sensitive populations, monitoring, cardiopulmonary responses, human health effects, ambient air monitoring, indoor exposure, health risks, air pollutants, exposure and effects, ambient air, biological response, ambient measurement methods, pulmonary disease, developmental effects, epidemelogy, respiratory disease, exposure, lead, air pollution, children, Human Health Risk Assessment, particle exposure, biological mechanism , ambient monitoring, mobile sources, inhalation, pulmonary, assessment of exposure, susceptibility, particulate exposure, human exposure, cardiopulmonary response, ambient particle health effects, environmental health hazard, epidemeology, inhalation toxicology, human susceptibility, PM, indoor air quality, measurement methods , inhaled particles, cardiopulmonary, modeling studies, air quality, respiratory, dosimetry, animal inhalation study, cardiovascular disease, genetic susceptibility, human health risk

Progress and Final Reports:

  • 1999
  • 2000
  • 2001
  • 2002
  • 2003
  • 2004 Progress Report
  • Final Report

  • Main Center Abstract and Reports:

    R827353    Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center (NUATRC)

    Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R827353C001 Assessing Human Exposures to Particulate and Gaseous Air Pollutants
    R827353C002 Quantifying Exposure Error and its Effect on Epidemiological Studies
    R827353C003 St. Louis Bus, Steubenville and Atlanta Studies
    R827353C004 Examining Conditions That Predispose Towards Acute Adverse Effects of Particulate Exposures
    R827353C005 Assessing Life-Shortening Associated with Exposure to Particulate Matter
    R827353C006 Investigating Chronic Effects of Exposure to Particulate Matter
    R827353C007 Determining the Effects of Particle Characteristics on Respiratory Health of Children
    R827353C008 Differentiating the Roles of Particle Size, Particle Composition, and Gaseous Co-Pollutants on Cardiac Ischemia
    R827353C009 Assessing Deposition of Ambient Particles in the Lung
    R827353C010 Relating Changes in Blood Viscosity, Other Clotting Parameters, Heart Rate, and Heart Rate Variability to Particulate and Criteria Gas Exposures
    R827353C011 Studies of Oxidant Mechanisms
    R827353C012 Modeling Relationships Between Mobile Source Particle Emissions and Population Exposures
    R827353C013 Toxicological Evaluation of Realistic Emissions of Source Aerosols (TERESA) Study
    R827353C014 Identifying the Physical and Chemical Properties of Particulate Matter Responsible for the Observed Adverse Health Effects
    R827353C015 Research Coordination Core
    R827353C016 Analytical and Facilities Core
    R827353C017 Technology Development and Transfer Core