Performance Evaluation of the 3M Charcoal Vapor Monitor for Monitor Low Ambient Concentrations of VOCs

EPA Grant Number: R828678C014
Subproject: this is subproject number 014 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R824834
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center (NUATRC)
Center Director: Beskid, Craig
Title: Performance Evaluation of the 3M Charcoal Vapor Monitor for Monitor Low Ambient Concentrations of VOCs
Investigators: Morandi, Maria T.
Current Investigators: Morandi, Maria T. , Croisant, Sharon Petronella , Harrist, Ronald , Kwon, Jaymin , Phillips, Michael , Stock, Tom , Whitmore, Roy
Institution: The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Current Institution: The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston , California State University - Fresno , Research Triangle Institute , The University of Texas Medical Branch - Galveston
EPA Project Officer: Chung, Serena
Project Period: January 2, 2001 through December 31, 2005 (Extended to December 31, 2008)
RFA: Targeted Research Center (2004) Recipients Lists
Research Category: Hazardous Waste/Remediation , Targeted Research

Objective:

Since the mid-1990s the National Urban Air Toxics Research Center (NUATRC) has funded a number of laboratory, population, and field research studies evaluating the performance of the organic vapor monitor (OVM) and/or using this dosimeter for ambient/indoor air concentration and personal exposure monitoring. The initial study was the seminal work that developed and tested the extraction and analytical protocols permitting measurement of ppb-level ambient concentrations with sample durations of 1 to 3 days rather than weeks. The purpose of this study is a review of the literature and performance evaluation of the 3M- OVM (3M Corp., St. Paul, MN) for sampling ppb-level concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) typical of community outdoor and indoor air and of personal inhalation exposures. This project began in January 2005.

The specific objectives of the research project are to:

  • Obtain all the literature available in the public domain describing laboratory evaluations and measurements of VOCs in ambient, indoor, and personal air using the 3500 or 3520 3M OVM. This literature includes publications in peer reviewed journals, project reports, and doctoral dissertations.
  • Review and critique the literature on the accuracy and precision of the OVMs for each of the compounds in the suite of VOCs targeted by each individual report as a function of quality assurance/quality control parameters: concentration, sample duration, temperature, humidity, and altitude (barometric pressure).
  • Develop a critical review that assesses the scientific literature pertaining to the performance of the OVMs both in the laboratory and in the field. The practical goal of this critical review is to develop a manuscript that summarizes the performance parameters and limitations of the OVM that will be submitted for publication to a suitable scientific journal (e.g., Environmental Science & Technology, Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, Atmospheric Environment) by December 31, 2005.

Supplemental Keywords:

air pollution, urban, monitoring, exposure, methods, volatile organic compounds, VOCs, particulate matter, PM, environmental policy, exposure, health risk assessment, physical processes, risk assessments, susceptibility/sensitive population/genetic susceptibility, air toxics, genetic susceptibility, acute health effects, acute cardiovascular effects, acute exposure, acute lung injury, air contaminant exposure, air quality, airborne urban contaminants, airway disease, aldehydes, assessment of exposure, atmospheric particulate matter, cardiac arrest, cardiopulmonary response, children, children’s environmental health, chronic health effects, copollutants, copollutant exposures, environmental hazard exposures, fine particles, health effects, human exposure, human health risk, human susceptibility, indoor air, inhaled pollutants, long-term exposure, lung inflammation, particulate exposure, sensitive populations, susceptible subpopulations, toxics,, RFA, Health, Scientific Discipline, PHYSICAL ASPECTS, Ecosystem Protection/Environmental Exposure & Risk, HUMAN HEALTH, Aquatic Ecosystems & Estuarine Research, Genetics, Health Risk Assessment, Aquatic Ecosystem, Risk Assessments, Biochemistry, Health Effects, Physical Processes, asthma, particulate matter, morbidity, airway disease, allergic airway disease, exposure, ozone, respiratory disease, air pollution, human exposure, water quality, environmental tobacco smoke, urban environment, airborne urban contaminants

Progress and Final Reports:

  • 2001
  • 2002
  • 2003
  • 2004
  • 2005 Progress Report
  • 2006
  • 2007 Progress Report
  • Final Report

  • Main Center Abstract and Reports:

    R824834    Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center (NUATRC)

    Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R824834C001 Air Toxics Exposures Among Teenagers in New York City and Los Angeles - A Columbia-Harvard Study (TEACH)
    R824834C002 Cardiopulmonary Response to Particulate Exposure
    R824834C003 VOC Exposure in an Industry Impacted Community
    R824834C004 A Study of Personal Exposure to Air Toxics Among a Subset of the Residential U.S. Population (VOC Project)
    R824834C005 Methods Development Project for a Study of Personal Exposures to Toxic Air Pollutants
    R824834C006 Relationship Between Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Air (RIOPA)
    R824834C007 Development of the "Leland Legacy" Air Sampling Pump
    R824834C008 Source Apportionment of Indoor Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Urban Residences
    R824834C009 Development of a Personal Cascade Impactor Sampler (PCIS)
    R824834C010 Testing the Metals Hypothesis in Spokane
    R828678C001 Air Toxics Exposures Among Teenagers in New York City and Los Angeles—A Columbia-Harvard Study (TEACH)
    R828678C002 Cardiopulmonary Effects of Metal-Containing Particulate Exposure
    R828678C003 VOC Exposure in an Industry Impacted Community
    R828678C004 A Study of Personal Exposure to Air Toxics Among a Subset of the Residential U.S. Population (VOC Project)
    R828678C005 Oxygenated Urban Air Toxics and Asthma Variability in Middle School Children: A Panel Study (ATAC–Air Toxics and Asthma in Children)
    R828678C006 Relationship between Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Air (RIOPA). Part II: Analyses of Concentrations of Particulate Matter Species
    R828678C007 Development of the “Leland Legacy” Air Sampling Pump
    R828678C008 Source Apportionment of Indoor PAHs in Urban Residences 98-03B
    R828678C009 Development of a Personal Cascade Impactor Sampler (PCIS)
    R828678C010 Testing the Metals Hypothesis in Spokane
    R828678C011 A Pilot Geospatial Analysis of Exposure to Air Pollutants (with Special Attention to Air Toxics) and Hospital Admissions in Harris County, Texas
    R828678C012 Impact of Exposure to Urban Air Toxics on Asthma Utilization for the Pediatric Medicaid Population in Dearborn, Michigan
    R828678C013 Field Validation of the Sioutas Sampler and Leland Legacy Pump – Joint Project with EPA’s Environmental Technology Validation Program (ETV)
    R828678C014 Performance Evaluation of the 3M Charcoal Vapor Monitor for Monitor Low Ambient Concentrations of VOCs
    R828678C015 RIOPA Database Development
    R828678C016 Contributions of Outdoor PM Sources to Indoor and Personal Exposures: Analysis of PM Species Concentrations” Focused on the PM Speciation and Apportioning of Sources
    R828678C017 The Short and Long-Term Respiratory Effects of Exposure to PAHs from Traffic in a Cohort of Asthmatic Children