RIOPA Database Development

EPA Grant Number: R828678C015
Subproject: this is subproject number 015 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R824834
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center (NUATRC)
Center Director: Beskid, Craig
Title: RIOPA Database Development
Investigators: Weisel, Clifford P.
Institution: University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
EPA Project Officer: Chung, Serena
Project Period: January 2, 2001 through December 31, 2007 (Extended to December 31, 2008)
RFA: Targeted Research Center (2004) Recipients Lists
Research Category: Hazardous Waste/Remediation , Targeted Research

Objective:

The overall objective of the Relationship of Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Air (RIOPA) Study funded by the National Urban Air Toxics Research Center NUATRC is to investigate the relationship of indoor, outdoor, and personal air concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), carbonyl compounds, particulate matter (PM)2.5, and in-vehicle concentrations of carbonyl compounds and quantify the outdoor contribution to indoor and personal air concentrations of the measured pollutants. This study is now complete and includes a wealth of data that can be further analyzed. The purpose of developing a database from the RIOPA Study is to facilitate data use for further analyses, particularly for researchers who did not participate in the RIOPA Project. A contract was awarded to Dr. Clifford Weisel, one of the co-principal investigators of the original RIOPA Study to develop this relational (Geo) database and codebook for this project and to develop a readily accessible website containing this database.

The database will include data on VOCs, carbonyls, fine PM mass (PM2.5), organic carbon, elemental carbon, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) measured on 48-hour outdoor, indoor, and personal air samples collected simultaneously. Also included will be questionnaire data on homes, neighborhoods, and personal activities, as well as air exchange rates for 300 homes. Data were collected in three cities, during various seasons, from adults and children who resided in these homes, which were located in areas with known outdoor sources of pollution. The locations of these homes will be included to the extent allowed by Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) to protect confidentiality. The scope of work also included that the investigators would obtain an IRB approval from their respective universities so that when the data analysis Request for Applications is released, other investigators can have access to the data, which are housed at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ) and the University of Texas School of Public Health.

The goal of this project was to make the RIOPA data more widely accessible by developing a Web-based system. The project included building the code book, building the Web-based data set, building the interface, and addressing the privacy/security issues. The issue with the security was that confidentiality of the participants must be protected and the GIS locations of the homes must be masked to protect confidentiality for public database access, whereas more specific individual data could be obtained through Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute if needed.

A contract was signed between the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, UMDNJ, and the NUATRC for Dr. Weisel as principal investigator for the period December 2004–December 2005.

Supplemental Keywords:

air pollution, urban, monitoring, exposure, methods, volatile organic compounds, VOCs, particulate matter, PM, environmental policy, exposure, health risk assessment, physical processes, risk assessments, susceptibility/sensitive population/genetic susceptibility, air toxics, genetic susceptibility, acute health effects, acute cardiovascular effects, acute exposure, acute lung injury, air contaminant exposure, air quality, airborne urban contaminants, airway disease, aldehydes, assessment of exposure, atmospheric particulate matter, cardiac arrest, cardiopulmonary response, children, children’s environmental health, chronic health effects, copollutants, copollutant exposures, environmental hazard exposures, fine particles, health effects, human exposure, human health risk, human susceptibility, indoor air, inhaled pollutants, long-term exposure, lung inflammation, particulate exposure, sensitive populations, susceptible subpopulations, toxics,, RFA, Health, Scientific Discipline, PHYSICAL ASPECTS, Ecosystem Protection/Environmental Exposure & Risk, HUMAN HEALTH, Aquatic Ecosystems & Estuarine Research, Genetics, Health Risk Assessment, Aquatic Ecosystem, Risk Assessments, Biochemistry, Health Effects, Physical Processes, asthma, particulate matter, morbidity, airway disease, allergic airway disease, exposure, ozone, respiratory disease, air pollution, human exposure, water quality, environmental tobacco smoke, urban environment, airborne urban contaminants

Progress and Final Reports:

  • 2001
  • 2002
  • 2003
  • 2004
  • 2005 Progress Report
  • 2006
  • 2007
  • Final Report

  • Main Center Abstract and Reports:

    R824834    Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center (NUATRC)

    Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R824834C001 Air Toxics Exposures Among Teenagers in New York City and Los Angeles - A Columbia-Harvard Study (TEACH)
    R824834C002 Cardiopulmonary Response to Particulate Exposure
    R824834C003 VOC Exposure in an Industry Impacted Community
    R824834C004 A Study of Personal Exposure to Air Toxics Among a Subset of the Residential U.S. Population (VOC Project)
    R824834C005 Methods Development Project for a Study of Personal Exposures to Toxic Air Pollutants
    R824834C006 Relationship Between Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Air (RIOPA)
    R824834C007 Development of the "Leland Legacy" Air Sampling Pump
    R824834C008 Source Apportionment of Indoor Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Urban Residences
    R824834C009 Development of a Personal Cascade Impactor Sampler (PCIS)
    R824834C010 Testing the Metals Hypothesis in Spokane
    R828678C001 Air Toxics Exposures Among Teenagers in New York City and Los Angeles—A Columbia-Harvard Study (TEACH)
    R828678C002 Cardiopulmonary Effects of Metal-Containing Particulate Exposure
    R828678C003 VOC Exposure in an Industry Impacted Community
    R828678C004 A Study of Personal Exposure to Air Toxics Among a Subset of the Residential U.S. Population (VOC Project)
    R828678C005 Oxygenated Urban Air Toxics and Asthma Variability in Middle School Children: A Panel Study (ATAC–Air Toxics and Asthma in Children)
    R828678C006 Relationship between Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Air (RIOPA). Part II: Analyses of Concentrations of Particulate Matter Species
    R828678C007 Development of the “Leland Legacy” Air Sampling Pump
    R828678C008 Source Apportionment of Indoor PAHs in Urban Residences 98-03B
    R828678C009 Development of a Personal Cascade Impactor Sampler (PCIS)
    R828678C010 Testing the Metals Hypothesis in Spokane
    R828678C011 A Pilot Geospatial Analysis of Exposure to Air Pollutants (with Special Attention to Air Toxics) and Hospital Admissions in Harris County, Texas
    R828678C012 Impact of Exposure to Urban Air Toxics on Asthma Utilization for the Pediatric Medicaid Population in Dearborn, Michigan
    R828678C013 Field Validation of the Sioutas Sampler and Leland Legacy Pump – Joint Project with EPA’s Environmental Technology Validation Program (ETV)
    R828678C014 Performance Evaluation of the 3M Charcoal Vapor Monitor for Monitor Low Ambient Concentrations of VOCs
    R828678C015 RIOPA Database Development
    R828678C016 Contributions of Outdoor PM Sources to Indoor and Personal Exposures: Analysis of PM Species Concentrations” Focused on the PM Speciation and Apportioning of Sources
    R828678C017 The Short and Long-Term Respiratory Effects of Exposure to PAHs from Traffic in a Cohort of Asthmatic Children