Final Report: Community-Based Research Project Identifying Residential Hazards Using Home Test KitsEPA Grant Number: R829389C003
Subproject: this is subproject number 003 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R829389
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
Center: CECEHDPR - University of Cincinnati Center for the Study of Prevalent Neurotoxicants in Children
Center Director: Lanphear, Bruce
Title: Community-Based Research Project Identifying Residential Hazards Using Home Test Kits
Investigators: Roda, Sandy
Institution: University of Cincinnati
EPA Project Officer: Hahn, Intaek
Project Period: November 1, 2001 through October 31, 2006
RFA: Centers for Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research (2001) RFA Text | Recipients Lists
Research Category: Children's Health , Health Effects , Health
The purpose of this community-based participatory project was to help families and communities identify and reduce health risks from lead, pesticides and, other environmental hazards. The CEHC partnered locally with the Better Housing League (BHL) and Baby’s Milk Fund in Cincinnati, Ohio, and nationally with the Alliance to End Childhood Lead Poisoning, and the National Center for Lead Safe Housing.
To evaluate a sampling kit and design a reliable method for families to screen their homes to assess levels of residential health hazards.
To increase community awareness of the role of environmental agents in developmental disorders, hearing loss and school problems.
Summary/Accomplishments (Outputs/Outcomes):There were 130 families with both a dust floor sample by a technician and a dust floor sample by a family member. There were 63 families randomized to receive a video and 67 randomized to the written material only group. For analysis purposes the dust lead and blood lead values were log transformed. The family floor dust lead values were compared to the technician floor dust lead values for the proximal area of the same room: overall r=0.72, for the video group r=0.64 and for the non-video group r=0.79. There correlations were all significantly greater than zero, but there was no difference between the video and non-video group for agreement between technician and family dust wipe samples. Correlation between the technician dust lead and child blood lead level was 0.35, and between family dust lead and child blood lead level was 0.23, these were both different from zero, but not statistically significantly different from each other. Similar results were found when the samples were divided by child age group, above and below 2 years.
Conclusions:We conclude that families can adequately screen their housing units to identify lead hazards.
Supplemental Keywords:toxicology, ADHD, behavioral assessment, behavioral deficit, genetic susceptibility, pesticides, biomarkers, environmental agents, exposure, exposure assessment, hearing loss, lead, meconium, neurotoxicity, pesticide exposure, risk assessment, toxicants, lead-based paint, lead hazard control, RFA, Health, Scientific Discipline, ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, Toxicology, Health Risk Assessment, Chemistry, Risk Assessments, Children's Health, Biology, Risk Assessment, hearing loss, lead, pesticides, behavioral assessment, children, neurotoxicity, human exposure, toxicity, home test kit, biological markers, exposure assessment, human health risk, biomarker
Progress and Final Reports:Original Abstract
Main Center Abstract and Reports:R829389 CECEHDPR - University of Cincinnati Center for the Study of Prevalent Neurotoxicants in Children
Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
R829389C001 Neurobehavioral Effects of Prevalent Toxicants in Children
R829389C002 Validation of Meconium Markers of Fetal Neurotoxicant Exposures
R829389C003 Community-Based Research Project Identifying Residential Hazards Using Home Test Kits
R829389C004 Early Exposure to Lead and Adult Antisocial Outcome
R829389C005 Magnetic Resonance Assessment of Brain Function Altered by Lead Exposure