Molecular Mechanisms of Pesticide-Induced Developmental ToxicityEPA Grant Number: R831709C001
Subproject: this is subproject number 001 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R831709
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
Center: University of Washington Center for Child Environmental Health Risks Research
Center Director: Faustman, Elaine
Title: Molecular Mechanisms of Pesticide-Induced Developmental Toxicity
Investigators: Faustman, Elaine
Institution: University of Washington
EPA Project Officer: Callan, Richard
Project Period: November 1, 2003 through October 31, 2008 (Extended to October 31, 2010)
RFA: Centers for Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research (2003) RFA Text | Recipients Lists
Research Category: Children's Health , Health Effects , Health
The objective of this research project is to identify cellular, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms for the adverse developmental neurotoxicity of pesticides.
During the previous cycle of this research project, we conducted studies evaluating three classes of pesticides in both in vitro and in vivo assessments. A final manuscript has resulted from Dr. Xia’s studies comparing the impact of chlorpyrifos (CP) in embryonic and newborn cortical neurons. Her investigations into the proposed mechanisms of toxicity associated with CP and its two major metabolites, chlorpyrifos-oxon (CPO) and 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCP; the breakdown product of both CP and CP-oxon) were reported recently in a publication (Caughlan, et al., 2004) and are summarized in this progress report. We focused our experiments to address arsenic and methylmercury neurotoxicity and expanded significantly our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of toxicity associated with CP and its two major metabolites in embryonic midbrain cultures.
Publications and Presentations:Publications have been submitted on this subproject: View all 34 publications for this subproject | View all 175 publications for this center
Journal Articles:Journal Articles have been submitted on this subproject: View all 16 journal articles for this subproject | View all 107 journal articles for this center
Supplemental Keywords:children’s health, epidemiology, genetics, health risk assessment, risk assessment, assessment of exposure, asthma, children’s environmental health, diesel exhaust, environmental risks, exposure assessment, genetic mechanisms, genetic risk factors, genetic susceptibility, maternal exposure, nutritional risk factors,, RFA, Health, Scientific Discipline, ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, Health Risk Assessment, Biochemistry, Children's Health, Risk Assessment, environmental health, health effects, pesticide exposure, community-based intervention, developmental neurotoxicity, biological response, environmental risks, Human Health Risk Assessment, assessment of exposure, children's vulnerablity, children's environmental health
Progress and Final Reports:
Main Center Abstract and Reports:R831709 University of Washington Center for Child Environmental Health Risks Research
Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
R831709C001 Molecular Mechanisms of Pesticide-Induced Developmental Toxicity
R831709C002 Genetic Susceptibility to Pesticides
R831709C003 Community-Based Participatory Research Project
R831709C004 Pesticide Exposure Pathways Research Project