2001 Progress Report: New Methods for Assessment of Pollution Prevention Technologies: Integration of Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA), Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), and Petri Net Modeling

EPA Grant Number: R828541
Title: New Methods for Assessment of Pollution Prevention Technologies: Integration of Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA), Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), and Petri Net Modeling
Investigators: He, David , Olson, Walter
Institution: University of Illinois at Chicago , University of Toledo
EPA Project Officer: Hahn, Intaek
Project Period: August 21, 2000 through August 20, 2003 (Extended to September 30, 2004)
Project Period Covered by this Report: August 21, 2000 through August 20, 2001
Project Amount: $250,000
RFA: Technology for a Sustainable Environment (1999) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Sustainability , Pollution Prevention/Sustainable Development


The objective of this research project is to identify major environment-related system failures using the knowledge gained from a marriage of Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), Failure Modes and Effects (FMEA), and Petri Net Modeling (PEM) techniques. Individually, these tools provide information concerning aspects of the environmental problem. LCA provides information on which and how many critical materials and environmental impacts may be present during an event. FMEA provides information concerning the likelihood of a component failure during an event. PEM provides information about the linkages of systems affected by an event. Taken together, the techniques provide a complete picture of a disaster. It appears from the literature that the methods have never been combined, despite the obvious benefit that can be gained when the methods are used together. In this research, we will develop the methodology to identify and quantify potential system failures using these methods.

Progress Summary:

The research project currently is carried out by principal investigators from two different universities, the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) and The University of Toledo (UT).

Research Work Performed at UIC

Analysis of multiple and sequential failures and reliability assessment of complex systems is a very important task for assessing the impacts of system failures on the environment. The result of the research is a new integrated approach for systems failure analysis that overcomes the limitations of the existing multiple and sequential failure analysis methods. The method is developed based on the concept of counters of Petri net simulation. The developed methodology can deal with complex Petri net structures and compute sequential failure probabilities. The method also is implemented with a hardware-based approach that maps different structures of Petri net into the circuits. It is shown that the hardware-based implementation is fast, reliable, and portable. A prototype for sequential failure and multiple failure analysis of a manufacturing system is developed. The prototype has been tested and validated for the feasibility and accuracy of the method. The contribution of this research is a new integrated approach for reliability and failure analysis of complex systems with multiple and sequential failures. The developed methods perform systems failure and reliability analysis without converting the Petri net into the Markov chain. These methods also can deal with large and complex systems.

Research Work Performed at UT

When analyzing systems for failure where the probabilities are subjective (and probably underestimated), we are interested in the maximum possible probability of failure, which is given by possibility. When combined with a Petri net for the states and transitions of the system, this allows us to determine whether a subordinate state of interest is possible under the structural rules in place. Currently, we are investigating how possibility propagates through the structure.

Future Activities:

We will develop case studies to demonstrate the overall methodology of the research. In addition, we will continue to investigate how possibility propagates through the structural system.

Journal Articles on this Report : 3 Displayed | Download in RIS Format

Other project views: All 8 publications 3 publications in selected types All 3 journal articles
Type Citation Project Document Sources
Journal Article Adamyan A, He D. Analysis of sequential failures for assessment of reliability and safety of manufacturing systems. Reliability Engineering and Systems Safety 2002;76(3):227-236. R828541 (2001)
R828541 (Final)
not available
Journal Article Adamyan A, He D. Sequential failure analysis using counters of Petri net models. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics–Part A: Systems and Humans 2003;33(1):1-11. R828541 (2001)
R828541 (Final)
not available
Journal Article Adamyan A, He D. System failure analysis through counters of Petri net models. Quality and Reliability Engineering International 2004;20(4):317-335. R828541 (2001)
R828541 (Final)
not available

Supplemental Keywords:

sequential failures, manufacturing systems, reliability and safety, Petri net modeling, PEM, environmental impact analysis, life cycle analysis, LCA, failure modes and effects, FMEA, system failures, component failure, hardware-based approach., RFA, Scientific Discipline, Sustainable Industry/Business, cleaner production/pollution prevention, Environmental Chemistry, Sustainable Environment, Technology for Sustainable Environment, Environmental Engineering, life cycle analysis, industrial case studies, Petri Net Modeling, cleaner production, sustainable development, environmentally conscious manufacturing, Failure Modes and Effects Analysis, technology assessment, innovative technology, life cycle assessment, impact assessment, industrial innovations

Progress and Final Reports:

Original Abstract
  • 2002
  • 2003
  • 2004
  • Final Report