Harvard Particle Center

EPA Grant Number: R832416
Center: Harvard Particle Center
Center Director: Koutrakis, Petros
Title: Harvard Particle Center
Investigators: Koutrakis, Petros , Brook, Robert D. , Brook, Jeffrey R. , Coull, Brent , Demokritou, Philip , Dockery, Douglas W. , Godleski, John J. , Gold, Diane R. , Gonzalez-Flecha, Beatriz , Schwartz, Joel , Silverman, Frances , Speizer, Frank E. , Stone, Peter , Suh, Helen H. , Vokonas, Pantel
Institution: Harvard University , Boston University , Brigham and Women's Hospital, Inc. , University of Michigan , University of Toronto
EPA Project Officer: Hunt, Sherri
Project Period: October 1, 2005 through September 30, 2010 (Extended to September 30, 2011)
Project Amount: $7,999,609
RFA: Particulate Matter Research Centers (2004) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Health Effects , Air

Objective:

The fundamental objective of the proposed Center is to understand how specific PM characteristics and sources impact inflammation, autonomic responses, and vascular dysfunction.

Approach:

The Center will investigate the pathophysiological effects produced by exposures to PM and its gaseous co-pollutants and will examine how these effects relate to PM composition, size and sources. Project 1 will examine the association between PM exposures and intermediate markers of autonomic dysfunction, systemic inflammation, endothelial activation and oxidative stress in the Normative Aging Study cohort in Eastern Massachusetts. Project 2 will use a cross-over exposure design to examine the effects of traffic-related PM and gases in a panel of 36 older adults who will be exposed to pollutants during 5-hr long field trips via buses in Boston, MA. This Project will examine whether exposures are associated with autonomic dysfunction, pulmonary and systemic inflammation and endothelial activation. Project 3 will examine the cardiovascular effects of fine, coarse and ultrafine concentrated ambient particles (CAPs) in 50 healthy adults in Toronto. Vascular function and inflammatory examinations will include brachial artery diameter, flow-mediated dilatation and nitroglycerin-mediated dilatation, heart rate variability, blood pressure, cardiac output, stroke volume and systemic vascular resistance. Project 4 will investigate the relationship between PM composition and vascular response. Normal and spontaneously hypersensitive rats will be exposed to fine CAPs in Boston during either early morning (mostly locally emitted PM rich in elemental and organic carbon) or mid-day periods (mostly transported PM rich in sulfates). Biological outcomes will include pulmonary and systemic inflammation, blood pressure, endothelin-1, endothelial nitric oxide synthase, atrial naturetic peptide, oxidant response in the heart and lung by in vivo chemiluminescence, and vascular morphometry of lung and cardiac vessels. Project 5 will investigate the effects of primary and secondary vehicular emissions from a tunnel in Boston, using the same animal models and biological measurements as in Project 4. The five projects will be supported by three Cores: Administration and Research Coordination, Particle Technology and Monitoring, and Biostatistical.

Expected Results:

The Center will provide information about the cardiovascular and pulmonary effects of specific PM sources and/or components, which is critical for the development and implementation of Air Quality Standards.


Journal Articles: 135 Displayed | Download in RIS Format

Other center views: All 141 publications 135 publications in selected types All 135 journal articles
Type Citation Sub Project Document Sources
Journal Article Alexeeff SE, Litonjua AA, Suh H, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Schwartz J. Ozone exposure and lung function: effect modified by obesity and airways hyperresponsiveness in the VA Normative Aging Study. Chest 2007;132(6):1890-1897. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Alexeeff SE, Litonjua AA, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Schwartz J. Statin use reduces decline in lung function: VA Normative Aging Study. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2007;176(8):742-747. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Alexeeff SE, Litonjua AA, Wright RO, Baccarelli A, Suh H, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Schwartz J. Ozone exposure, antioxidant genes, and lung function in an elderly cohort: VA Normative Aging Study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2008;65(11):736-742. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Alexeeff SE, Coull BA, Gyparis A, Suh H, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Schwartz J. Medium-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and markers of inflammation and endothelial function. Environmental Health Perspectives 2011;119(4):481-486. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Baccarelli A, Cassano PA, Litonjua A, Park SK, Suh H, Sparrow D, Vokonas P, Schwartz J. Cardiac autonomic dysfunction: effects from particulate air pollution and protection by dietary methyl nutrients and metabolic polymorphisms. Circulation 2008;117(14):1802-1809. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Baccarelli A, Martinelli I, Zanobetti A, Grillo P, Hou L-F, Bertazzi PA, Mannucci PM, Schwartz J. Exposure to particulate air pollution and risk of deep vein thrombosis. Archives of Internal Medicine 2008;168(9):920-927. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Baccarelli A, Wright RO, Bollati V, Tarantini L, Litonjua AA, Suh HH, Zanobetti A, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Schwartz J. Rapid DNA methylation changes after exposure to traffic particles. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2009;179(7):572-578. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Baccarelli A, Martinelli I, Pegoraro V, Melly S, Grillo P, Zanobetti A, Hou L, Bertazzi PA, Mannucci PM, Schwartz J. Living near major traffic roads and risk of deep vein thrombosis. Circulation 2009;119(24):3118-3124. R832416C001 (2010)
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  • Journal Article Baccarelli A, Tarantini L, Wright RO, Bollati V, Litonjua AA, Zanobetti A, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Schwartz J. Repetitive element DNA methylation and circulating endothelial and inflammation markers in the VA Normative Aging Study. Epigenetics 2010;5(3):222-228. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Baccarelli A, Wright R, Bollati V, Litonjua A, Zanobetti A, Tarantini L, Sparrow D, Vokonas P, Schwartz J. Ischemic heart disease and stroke in relation to blood DNA methylation. Epidemiology 2010;21(6):819-828. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Baja ES, Schwartz JD, Wellenius GA, Coull BA, Zanobetti A, Vokonas PS, Suh HH. Traffic-related air pollution and QT interval: modification by diabetes, obesity, and oxidative stress gene polymorphisms in the Normative Aging Study. Environmental Health Perspectives 2010;118(6):840-846. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Barnett AG, Williams GM, Schwartz J, Best TL, Neller AH, Petroeschevsky AL, Simpson RW. The effects of air pollution on hospitalizations for cardiovascular disease in elderly people in Australian and New Zealand cities. Environmental Health Perspectives 2006;114(7):1018-1023. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Bartoli CR, Wellenius GA, Coull BA, Akiyama I, Diaz EA, Lawrence J, Okabe K, Verrier RL, Godleski JJ. Concentrated ambient particles alter myocardial blood flow during acute ischemia in conscious canines. Environmental Health Perspectives 2009;117(3):333-337. R832416 (2009)
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  • Journal Article Bartoli CR, Wellenius GA, Diaz EA, Lawrence J, Coull BA, Akiyama I, Lee LM, Okabe K, Verrier RL, Godleski JJ. Mechanisms of inhaled fine particulate air pollution-induced arterial blood pressure changes. Environmental Health Perspectives 2009;117(3):361-366. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Bartoli CRG, Godleski JJ. Blood flow in foreign-body capsules surrounding surgically implanted subcutaneous devices. Journal of Surgical Research 2010;158(1):147-154. R832416 (2009)
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  • Journal Article Bartoli CR, Nadar MM, Godleski JJ. Capsule thickness correlates with vascular density and blood flow within foreign-body capsules surrounding surgically implanted subcutaneous devices. Artificial Organs 2010;34(10):857-861. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Bartoli CR, Godleski JJ, Verrier RL. Mechanisms mediating adverse effects of air pollution on cardiovascular hemodynamic function and vulnerability to cardiac arrhythmias. Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health 2011;4(1):53-63. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Batalha JRF, Saldiva PHN, Clarke RW, Coull BA, Stearns RC, Lawrence J, Krishna Murthy GG, Koutrakis P, Godleski JJ. Concentrated ambient air particles induce vasoconstriction of small pulmonary arteries in rats. Environmental Health Perspectives 2002;110(12):1191-1197. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Bind MA, Baccarelli A, Zanobetti A, Tarantini L, Suh H, Vokonas P, Schwartz J. Air pollution and markers of coagulation, inflammation, and endothelial function: associations of epigene-environment Interactions in an elderly cohort. Epidemiology 2012;23(2):332-340. R832416C001 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Bobb JF, Dominici F, Peng RD. A Bayesian model averaging approach for estimating the relative risk of mortality associated with heat waves in 105 U.S. cities. Biometrics 2011;67(4):1605-1616. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Bollati V, Schwartz J, Wright R, Litonjua A, Tarantini L, Suh H, Sparrow D, Vokonas P, Baccarelli A. Decline in genomic DNA methylation through aging in a cohort of elderly subjects. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development 2009;130(4):234-239. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Brook RD, Urch B, Dvonch JT, Bard RL, Speck M, Keeler G, Morishita M, Marsik FJ, Kamal AS, Kaciroti N, Harkema J, Corey P, Silverman F, Gold DR, Wellenius G, Mittleman MA, Rajagopalan S, Brook JR. Insights into the mechanisms and mediators of the effects of air pollution exposure on blood pressure and vascular function in healthy humans. Hypertension 2009;54(3):659-667. R832416 (2009)
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  • Journal Article Brown KW, Sarnat JA, Suh HH, Coull BA, Spengler JD, Koutrakis P. Ambient site, home outdoor and home indoor particulate concentrations as proxies of personal exposures. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 2008;10(9):1041-1051. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Brown KW, Sarnat JA, Suh HH, Coull BA, Koutrakis P. Factors influencing relationships between personal and ambient concentrations of gaseous and particulate pollutants. Science of the Total Environment 2009;407(12):3754-3765. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Chahine T, Baccarelli A, Litonjua A, Wright RO, Suh H, Gold DR, Sparrow D, Vokonas P, Schwartz J. Particulate air pollution, oxidative stress genes, and heart rate variability in an elderly cohort. Environmental Health Perspectives 2007;115(11):1617-1622. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Chang HH, Peng RD, Dominici F. Estimating the acute health effects of coarse particulate matter accounting for exposure measurement error. Biostatistics 2011;12(4):637-652. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Chen J-C, Schwartz J. Metabolic syndrome and inflammatory responses to long-term particulate air pollutants. Environmental Health Perspectives 2008;116(5):612-617. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Chen J-C, Schwartz J. Neurobehavioral effects of ambient air pollution on cognitive performance in US adults. NeuroToxicology 2009;30(2):231-239. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Chuang KJ, Coull BA, Zanobetti A, Suh H, Schwartz J, Stone PH, Litonjua A, Speizer FE, Gold DR. Particulate air pollution as a risk factor for ST-segment depression in patients with coronary artery disease. Circulation 2008;118(13):1314-1320. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Clougherty JE, Rossi CA, Lawrence J, Long MS, Diaz EA, Lim RH, McEwen B, Koutrakis P, Godleski JJ. Chronic social stress and susceptibility to concentrated ambient fine particles in rats. Environmental Health Perspectives 2010;118(6):769-775. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Coull BA, Wellenius GA, Gonzalez-Flecha B, Diaz E, Koutrakis P, Godleski JJ. The Toxicological Evaluation of Realistic Emissions of Source Aerosols study: statistical methods. Inhalation Toxicology 2011;23(Suppl 2):31-41. R832416 (2010)
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  • Journal Article Diaz EA, Lemos M, Coull B, Long MS, Rohr AC, Ruiz P, Gupta T, Kang C-M, Godleski JJ. Toxicological Evaluation of Realistic Emission Source Aerosols (TERESA)--power plant studies: assessment of breathing pattern. Inhalation Toxicology 2011;23(Suppl 2):42-59. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Dioni L, Hoxha M, Nordio F, Bonzini M, Tarantini L, Albetti B, Savarese A, Schwartz J, Bertazzi PA, Apostoli P, Hou L, Baccarelli A. Effects of short-term exposure to inhalable particulate matter on telomere length, telomerase expression, and telomerase methylation in steel workers. Environmental Health Perspectives 2011;119(5):622-627. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Dubowsky SD, Suh H, Schwartz J, Coull BA, Gold DR. Diabetes, obesity, and hyptertension may enhance associations between air pollution and markers of systemic inflammation. Environmental Health Perspectives 2006;114(7):992-998. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Fakhri AA, Ilic LM, Wellenius GA, Urch B, Silverman F, Gold DR, Mittleman MA. Autonomic effects of controlled fine particulate exposure in young healthy adults: effect modification by ozone. Environmental Health Perspectives 2009;117(8):1287-1292. R832416 (2009)
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  • Journal Article Fanning EW, Froines JR, Utell MJ, Lippmann M, Oberdorster G, Frampton M, Godleski J, Larson TV. Particulate Matter (PM) Research Centers (1999-2005) and the role of interdisciplinary center-based research. Environmental Health Perspectives 2009;117(2):167-174. R832416 (2009)
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  • Journal Article Franco Suglia S, Gryparis A, Schwartz J, Wright RJ. Association between traffic-related black carbon exposure and lung function among urban women. Environmental Health Perspectives 2008;116(10):1333-1337. R832416 (2007)
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  • Journal Article Franco Suglia S, Gryparis A, Wright RO, Schwartz J, Wright RJ. Association of black carbon with cognition among children in a prospective birth cohort study. American Journal of Epidemiology 2008;167(3):280-286. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Franklin M, Zeka A, Schwartz J. Association between PM2.5 and all-cause and specific-cause mortality in 27 US communities. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 2007;17(3):279-287. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Franklin M, Schwartz J. The impact of secondary particles on the association between ambient ozone and mortality. Environmental Health Perspectives 2008;116(4):453-458. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Franklin M, Koutrakis P, Schwartz J. The role of particle composition on the association between PM2.5 and mortality. Epidemiology 2008;19(5):680-689. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Ghelfi E, Rhoden CR, Wellenius GA, Lawrence J, Gonzalez-Flecha B. Cardiac oxidative stress and electrophysiological changes in rats exposed to concentrated ambient particles are mediated by TRP-dependent pulmonary reflexes. Toxicological Sciences 2008;102(2):328-336. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Ghelfi E, Wellenius GA, Lawrence J, Millet E, Gonzalez-Flecha B. Cardiac oxidative stress and dysfunction by fine concentrated ambient particles (CAPs) are mediated by angiotensin-II. Inhalation Toxicology 2010;22(11):963-972. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Godleski JJ, Diaz EA, Lemos M, Long M, Ruiz P, Gupta T, Kang C-M, Coull B. Toxicological Evaluation of Realistic Emission Source Aerosols (TERESA)-power plant studies: assessment of cellular responses. Inhalation Toxicology 2011;23(Suppl 2):60-74. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Godleski JJ, Rohr AC, Kang CM, Diaz EA, Ruiz PA, Koutrakis P. Toxicological Evaluation of Realistic Emission Source Aerosols (TERESA): introduction and overview. Inhalation Toxicology 2011;23(Suppl 2):1-10. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Greven S, Dominici F, Zeger S. An approach to the estimation of chronic air pollution effects using spatio-temporal information. Journal of the American Statistical Association 2011;106(494):396-406. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Gryparis A, Coull BA, Schwartz J. Controlling for confounding in the presence of measurement error in hierarchical models: a Bayesian approach. Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology 2007;17(Suppl 2):S20-S28. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Gryparis A, Paciorek CJ, Zeka A, Schwartz J, Coull BA. Measurement error caused by spatial misalignment in environmental epidemiology. Biostatistics 2009;10(2):258-274. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Halonen JI, Zanobetti A, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Schwartz J. Associations between outdoor temperature and markers of inflammation: a cohort study. Environmental Health 2010;9:42. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Halonen JI, Zanobetti A, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Schwartz J. Relationship between outdoor temperature and blood pressure. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2011;68(4):296-301. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Hoffmann B, Luttmann-Gibson H, Cohen A, Zanobetti A, de Souza C, Foley C, Suh HH, Coull BA, Schwartz J, Mittleman M, Stone P, Horton E, Gold DR. Opposing effects of particle pollution, ozone, and ambient temperature on arterial blood pressure. Environmental Health Perspectives 2012;120(2):241-246. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Hoxha M, Dioni L, Bonzini M, Pesatori AC, Fustinoni S, Cavallo D, Carugno M, Albetti B, Marinelli B, Schwartz J, Bertazzi PA, Baccarelli A. Association between leukocyte telomere shortening and exposure to traffic pollution:a cross-sectional study on traffic officers and indoor office workers. Environmental Health 2009;8:41. R832416 (2009)
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  • Journal Article Imrich A, Ning YY, Lawrence J, Coull B, Gitin E, Knutson M, Kobzik L. Alveolar macrophage cytokine response to air pollution particles: oxidant mechanisms. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 2007;218(3):256-264. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Kang C-M, Gupta T, Ruiz PA, Wolfson JM, Ferguson ST, Lawrence JE, Rohr AC, Godleski J, Koutrakis P. Aged particles derived from emissions of coal-fired power plants: the TERESA field results. Inhalation Toxicology 2011;23(Suppl 2):11-30. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Kang C-M, Koutrakis P, Suh HH. Hourly measurements of fine particulate sulfate and carbon aerosols at the Harvard-U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Supersite in Boston. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2010;60(11):1327-1334. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Lee HJ, Liu Y, Coull BA, Schwartz J, Koutrakis P. A novel calibration approach of MODIS AOD data to predict PM2.5 concentrations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2011;11(15):7991-8002. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Lemos M, Diaz EA, Gupta T, Kang CM, Ruiz P, Coull BA, Godleski JJ, Gonzalez-Flecha B. Cardiac and pulmonary oxidative stress in rats exposed to realistic emissions of source aerosols. Inhalation Toxicology 2011;23(Suppl 2):75-83. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Levy JI, Diez D, Dou Y, Barr CD, Dominici F. A meta-analysis and multisite time-series analysis of the differential toxicity of major fine particulate matter constituents. American Journal of Epidemiology 2012;175(11):1091-1099. R832416C001 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Liu Y, Koutrakis P, Kahn R. Estimating fine particulate matter component concentrations and size distributions using satellite-retrieved fractional aerosol optical depth: part 1—method development. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2007;57(11):1351-1359. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Liu Y, Koutrakis P, Kahn R, Turquety S, Yantosca RM. Estimating fine particulate matter component concentrations and size distributions using satellite-retrieved fractional aerosol optical depth: part 2—a case study. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 2007;57(11):1360-1369. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Liu Y, Chen D, Kahn RA, He K. Review of the applications of Multiangle Imaging SpectroRadiometer to air quality research. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2009;52(1):132-144. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Liu Y, Kahn RA, Chaloulakou A, Koutrakis P. Analysis of the impact of the forest fires in August 2007 on air quality of Athens using multi-sensor aerosol remote sensing data, meteorology and surface observations. Atmospheric Environment 2009;43(21):3310-3318. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Liu Y, Paciorek CJ, Koutrakis P. Estimating regional spatial and temporal variability of PM2.5 concentrations using satellite data, meteorology, and land use information. Environmental Health Perspectives 2009;117(6):886-892. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Liu Y, Schichtel BA, Koutrakis P. Estimating particle sulfate concentrations using MISR retrieved aerosol properties. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 2009;2(3):176-184. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Luttmann-Gibson H, Suh HH, Coull BA, Dockery DW, Sarnat SE, Schwartz J, Stone PH, Gold DR. Short-term effects of air pollution on heart rate variability in senior adults in Steubenville, Ohio. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2006;48(8):780-788. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Madrigano J, Baccarelli A, Wright RO, Suh H, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Schwartz J. Air pollution, obesity, genes and cellular adhesion molecules. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2010;67(5):312-317. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Madrigano J, Baccarelli A, Mittleman MA, Wright RO, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Tarantini L, Schwartz J. Prolonged exposure to particulate pollution, genes associated with glutathione pathways, and DNA methylation in a cohort of older men. Environmental Health Perspectives 2011;119(7):977-982. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Maynard D, Coull BA, Gryparis A, Schwartz J. Mortality risk associated with short-term exposure to traffic particles and sulfates. Environmental Health Perspectives 2007;115(5):751-755. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article McCracken JP, Smith KR, Diaz A, Mittleman MA, Schwartz J. Chimney stove intervention to reduce long-term wood smoke exposure lowers blood pressure among Guatemalan women. Environmental Health Perspectives 2007;115(7):996-1001. R832416C001 (2008)
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  • Journal Article McCracken J, Baccarelli A, Hoxha M, Dioni L, Melly S, Coull B, Suh H, Vokonas P, Schwartz J. Annual ambient black carbon associated with shorter telomeres in elderly men: Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study. Environmental Health Perspectives 2010;118(11):1564-1570. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article McCracken J, Smith KR, Stone P, Diaz A, Arana B, Schwartz J. Intervention to lower household wood smoke exposure in Guatemala reduces ST-segment depression on electrocardiograms. Environmental Health Perspectives 2011;119(11):1562-1568. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Medina-Ramon M, Zanobetti A, Schwartz J. The effect of ozone and PM10 on hospital admissions for pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a national multicity study. American Journal of Epidemiology 2006;163(6):579-588. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Medina-Ramon M, Schwartz J. Temperature, temperature extremes, and mortality: a study of acclimatisation and effect modification in 50 US cities. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2007;64(12):827-833. R832416C001 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Medina-Ramon M, Goldberg R, Melly S, Mittleman MA, Schwartz J. Residential exposure to traffic-related air pollution and survival after heart failure. Environmental Health Perspectives 2008;116(4):481-485. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Medina-Ramon M, Schwartz J. Who is more vulnerable to die from ozone air pollution? Epidemiology 2008;19(5):672-679. R832416C001 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Mordukhovich I, Wilker E, Suh H, Wright R, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Schwartz J. Black carbon exposure, oxidative stress genes, and blood pressure in a repeated-measures study. Environmental Health Perspectives 2009;117(11):1767-1772. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Mordukhovich I, Wright RO, Amarasiriwardena C, Baja E, Baccarelli A, Suh H, Sparrow D, Vokonas P, Schwartz J. Association between low-level environmental arsenic exposure and QT interval duration in a general population study. American Journal of Epidemiology 2009;170(6):739-746. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Mukamal KJ, Wellenius GA, Suh HH, Mittleman MA. Weather and air pollution as triggers of severe headaches. Neurology 2009;72(10):922-927. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Nikolov MC, Coull BA, Catalano PJ, Diaz E, Godleski JJ. Statistical methods to evaluate health effects associated with major sources of air pollution: a case-study of breathing patterns during exposure to concentrated Boston air particles. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series C-Applied Statistics 2008;57(3):357-378. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Nikolov MC, Coull BA, Catalano PJ, Godleski JJ. Multiplicative factor analysis with a latent mixed model structure for air pollution exposure assessment. Environmetrics 2011;22(2):165-178. R832416 (2009)
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  • Journal Article O'Neill MS, Veves A, Sarnat JA, Zanobetti A, Gold DR, Economides PA, Horton ES, Schwartz J. Air pollution and inflammation in type 2 diabetes: a mechanism for susceptibility. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2007;64(6):373-379. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Papapostolou V, Lawrence JE, Diaz EA, Wolfson JM, Ferguson ST, Long MS, Godleski JJ, Koutrakis P. Laboratory evaluation of a prototype photochemical chamber designed to investigate the health effects of fresh and aged vehicular exhaust emissions. Inhalation Toxicology 2011;23(8):495-505. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Papapostolou V, Lawrence JE, Ferguson ST, Wolfson JM, Koutrakis P. Development and evaluation of a countercurrent parallel-plate membrane diffusion denuder for the removal of gas-phase compounds from vehicular emissions. Inhalation Toxicology 2011;23(13):853-862. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Park SK, O'Neill MS, Vokonas PS, Sparrow D, Schwartz J. Effects of air pollution on heart rate variability: the VA Normative Aging Study. Environmental Health Perspectives 2005;113(3):304-309. R832416 (2009)
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  • Journal Article Park SK, O'Neill MS, Wright RO, Hu H, Vokonas PS, Sparrow D, Suh H, Schwartz J. HFE genotype, particulate air pollution, and heart rate variability: a gene-environment interaction. Circulation 2006;114(25):2798-2805. R832416 (2009)
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  • Journal Article Park SK, O'Neill MS, Stunder BJ, Vokonas PS, Sparrow D, Koutrakis P, Schwartz J. Source location of air pollution and cardiac autonomic function: trajectory cluster analysis for exposure assessment. Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology 2007;17(5):488-497. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Park SK, O’Neill MS, Vokonas PS, Sparrow D, Spiro III A, Tucker KL, Suh H, Hu H, Schwartz J. Traffic-related particles are associated with elevated homocysteine: the VA Normative Aging Study. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2008;178(3):283-289. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Park SK, O’Neill MS, Vokonas PS, Sparrow D, Wright RO, Coull B, Nie H, Hu H, Schwartz J. Air pollution and heart rate variability: effect modification by chronic lead exposure. Epidemiology 2008;19(1):111-120. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Park SK, Tucker KL, O'Neill MS, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Hu H, Schwartz J. Fruit, vegetable, and fish consumption and heart rate variability: the Veterans Administration Normative Aging Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2009;89(3):778-786. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Peters JL, Kubzansky LD, Ikeda A, Spiro III A, Wright RO, Weisskopf MG, Kim D, Sparrow D, Nie LH, Hu H, Schwartz J. Childhood and adult socioeconomic position, cumulative lead levels, and pessimism in later life: the VA Normative Aging Study. American Journal of Epidemiology 2011;174(12):1345-1353. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Peters JL, Kubzansky LD, Ikeda A, Fang SC, Sparrow D, Weisskopf MG, Wright RO, Vokonas P, Hu H, Schwartz J. Lead concentrations in relation to multiple biomarkers of cardiovascular disease: the Normative Aging Study. Environmental Health Perspectives 2012;120(3):361-366. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Pope III CA, Ezzati M, Dockery DW. Fine-particulate air pollution and life expectancy in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine 2009;360(4):376-386. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Power, MC, Weisskopf MG, Alexeef SE, Coull BA, Spiro III A , Schwartz J. Traffic-related air pollution and cognitive function in a cohort of older men. Environmental Health Perspectives 2011;119(5):682-687. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Ren C, Vokonas PS, Suh H, Fang S, Christiani DC, Schwartz J. Effect modification of air pollution on urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine by genotypes: an application of the multiple testing procedure to identify significant SNP interactions. Environmental Health 2010;9:78. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Ren C, Melly S, Schwartz J. Modifiers of short-term effects of ozone on mortality in eastern Massachusetts—a case-crossover analysis at individual level. Environmental Health 2010;9:3. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Ren C, Baccarelli A, Wilker E, Suh H, Sparrow D, Vokonas P, Wright R, Schwartz J. Lipid and endothelium-related genes, ambient particulate matter, and heart rate variability—the VA Normative Aging Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2010;64(1):49-56. R832416 (2009)
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  • Journal Article Ren C, Park SK, Vokonas PS, Sparrow D, Wilker E, Baccarelli A, Suh HH, Tucker KL, Wright RO, Schwartz J. Air pollution and homocysteine: more evidence that oxidative stress-related genes modify effects of particulate air pollution. Epidemiology 2010;21(2):198-206. R832416 (2009)
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  • Journal Article Ren C, Fang S, Wright RO, Suh H, Schwartz J. Urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine as a biomarker of oxidative DNA damage induced by ambient pollution in the Normative Aging Study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2011;68(8):562-569. R832416 (2009)
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  • Journal Article Ren C, O'Neill MS, Park SK, Sparrow D, Vokonas P, Schwartz J. Ambient temperature, air pollution, and heart rate variability in an aging population. American Journal of Epidemiology 2011;173(9):1013-1021. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Rhoden CR, Wellenius GA, Ghelfi E, Lawrence J, Gonzalez-Flecha B. PM-induced cardiac oxidative stress and dysfunction are mediated by autonomic stimulation. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-General Subjects 2005;1725(3):305-313. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Sarnat JA, Brown KW, Bartell SM, Sarnat SE, Wheeler AJ, Suh HH, Koutrakis P. The relationship between averaged sulfate exposures and concentrations: results from exposure assessment panel studies in four U.S. cities. Environmental Science & Technology 2009;43(13):5028-5034. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Sarnat SE, Suh HH, Coull BA, Schwartz J, Stone PH, Gold DR. Ambient particulate air pollution and cardiac arrhythmia in a panel of older adults in Steubenville, Ohio. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2006;63(10):700-706. R832416 (2008)
    R826780 (Final)
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    R834797 (2016)
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  • Journal Article Schwartz J, Park SK, O'Neill MS, Vokonas PS, Sparrow D, Weiss S, Kelsey K. Glutathione-S-transferase M1, obesity, statins, and autonomic effects of particles: gene-by-drug-by-environment interaction. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2005;172(12):1529-1533. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Schwartz J, Sarnat JA, Coull BA, Wilson WE. Effects of exposure measurement error on particle matter epidemiology: a simulation using data from a panel study in Baltimore, MD. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 2007;17(Suppl 2):S2-S10. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Schwartz J, Coull B, Laden F, Ryan L. The effect of dose and timing of dose on the association between airborne particles and survival. Environmental Health Perspectives 2008;116(1):64-69. R832416 (2006)
    R832416 (2008)
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    R832416C001 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Sivagangabalan G, Spears D, Masse S, Urch B, Brook RD, Silverman F, Gold DR, Lukic KZ, Speck M, Kusha M, Farid T, Poku K, Shi E, Floras J, Nanthakumar K. The effect of air pollution on spatial dispersion of myocardial repolarization in healthy human volunteers. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2011;57(2):198-206. R832416 (Final)
    R832416C002 (2010)
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    R834798C004 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Stafoggia M, Schwartz J, Forastiere F, Perucci CA, the SISTI Group. Does temperature modify the association between air pollution and mortality? A multicity case-crossover analysis in Italy. American Journal of Epidemiology 2008;167(12):1476-1485. R832416C001 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Thompson AM, Zanobetti A, Silverman F, Schwartz J, Coull B, Urch B, Speck M, Brook JR, Manno M, Gold DR. Baseline repeated measures from controlled human exposure studies: associations between ambient air pollution exposure and the systemic inflammatory biomarkers IL-6 and fibrinogen. Environmental Health Perspectives 2010;118(1):120-124. R832416 (2009)
    R832416 (Final)
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    CR830837 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Urch B, Speck M, Corey P, Wasserstein D, Manno M, Lukic KZ, Brook JR, Liu L, Coull B, Schwartz J, Gold DR, Silverman F. Concentrated ambient fine particles and not ozone induce a systemic interleukin-6 response in humans. Inhalation Toxicology 2010;22(3):210-218. R832416 (2009)
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    R832416C002 (2009)
    R832416C002 (2010)
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  • Journal Article Wang C, Parmigiani G, Dominici F. Bayesian effect estimation accounting for adjustment uncertainty. Biometrics 2012;68(3):661-671. R832416 (Final)
    R834798 (2012)
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    R834894 (2012)
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  • Journal Article Wellenius GA, Schwartz J, Mittleman MA. Particulate air pollution and hospital admissions for congestive heart failure in seven United States cities. The American Journal of Cardiology 2006;97(3):404-408. R832416 (2008)
    R827353 (Final)
    R827353C004 (2004)
    R827353C004 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Wellenius GA, Yeh GY, Coull BA, Suh HH, Phillips RS, Mittleman MA. Effects of ambient air pollution on functional status in patients with chronic congestive heart failure: a repeated-measures study. Environmental Health 2007;6:26. R832416 (2006)
    R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Wellenius GA, Diaz EA, Gupta T, Ruiz PA, Long M, Kang CM, Coull BA, Godleski JJ. Electrocardiographic and respiratory responses to coal-fired power plant emissions in a rat model of acute myocardial infarction: results from the Toxicological Evaluation of Realistic Emissions of Source Aerosols Study. Inhalation Toxicology 2011;23(Suppl 2):84-94. R832416 (Final)
    R832416C005 (2010)
    R832416C005 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Wheeler A, Zanobetti A, Gold DR, Schwartz J, Stone P, Suh HH. The relationship between ambient air pollution and heart rate variability differs for individuals with heart and pulmonary disease. Environmental Health Perspectives 2006;114(4):560-566. R832416 (2008)
    R827353 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Wilker EH, Alexeeff SE, Poon A, Litonjua AA, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Mittleman MA, Schwartz J. Candidate genes for respiratory disease associated with markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in elderly men. Atherosclerosis 2009;206(2):480-485. R832416 (2009)
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    R832416C001 (2009)
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  • Journal Article Wilker EH, Baccarelli A, Suh H, Vokonas P, Wright RO, Schwartz J. Black carbon exposures, blood pressure, and interactions with single nucleotide polymorphisms in microRNA processing genes. Environmental Health Perspectives 2010;118(7):943-948. R832416 (Final)
    R832416C001 (2010)
    R832416C001 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Wilker EH, Alexeeff SE, Suh H, Vokonas PS, Baccarelli A, Schwartz J. Ambient pollutants, polymorphisms associated with microRNA processing and adhesion molecules: the Normative Aging Study. Environmental Health 2011;10:45. R832416 (Final)
    R832416C001 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Wilker E, Mittleman MA, Litonjua AA, Poon A, Baccarelli A, Suh H, Wright RO, Sparrow D, Vokonas P, Schwartz J. Postural changes in blood pressure associated with interactions between candidate genes for chronic respiratory diseases and exposure to particulate matter. Environmental Health Perspectives 2009;117(6):935-940. R832416 (Final)
    R832416C001 (2010)
    R832416C001 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Zanobetti A, Schwartz J. Air pollution and emergency admissions in Boston, MA. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2006;60(10):890-895. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Zanobetti A, Schwartz J. Temperature and mortality in nine US cities. Epidemiology 2008;19(4):563-570. R832416 (2006)
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  • Journal Article Zanobetti A, Schwartz J. Is there adaptation in the ozone mortality relationship: a multi-city case-crossover analysis. Environmental Health 2008;7:22. R832416 (2006)
    R832416 (2008)
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    R832416C001 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Zanobetti A, Bind MA, Schwartz J. Particulate air pollution and survival in a COPD cohort. Environmental Health 2008;7:48. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Zanobetti A, Franklin M, Koutrakis P, Schwartz J. Fine particulate air pollution and its components in association with cause-specific emergency admissions. Environmental Health 2009;8:58. R832416 (Final)
    R832416C001 (2010)
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  • Journal Article Zanobetti A, Schwartz J. The effect of fine and coarse particulate air pollution on mortality: a national analysis. Environmental Health Perspectives 2009;117(6):898-903. R832416 (Final)
    R832416C001 (2010)
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  • Journal Article Zanobetti A, Stone PH, Speizer FE, Schwartz JD, Coull BA, Suh HH, Nearing BD, Mittleman MA, Verrier RL, Gold DR. T-wave alternans, air pollution and traffic in high-risk subjects. American Journal of Cardiology 2009;104(5):665-670. R832416 (Final)
    R832416C001 (2010)
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  • Journal Article Zanobetti A, Gold DR, Stone PH, Suh HH, Schwartz J, Coull BA, Speizer FE. Reduction in heart rate variability with traffic and air pollution in patients with coronary artery disease. Environmental Health Perspectives 2010;118(3):324-330. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Zanobetti A, Redline S, Schwartz J, Rosen D, Patel S, O'Connor GT, Lebowitz M, Coull BA, Gold DR. Associations of PM10 with sleep and sleep-disordered breathing in adults from seven U.S. urban areas. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2010;182(6):819-825. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Zanobetti A, Baccarelli A, Schwartz J. Gene-air pollution interaction and cardiovascular disease: a review. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases 2011;53(5):344-352. R832416 (Final)
    R832416C001 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Zanobetti A, Schwartz J. Ozone and survival in four cohorts with potentially predisposing diseases. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2011;184(7):836-841. R832416 (Final)
    R832416C001 (Final)
    R834798 (2010)
    R834798 (2011)
    R834798 (2013)
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    R834798 (2015)
    R834798 (Final)
    R834798C001 (2014)
    R834798C001 (Final)
    R834798C002 (2010)
    R834798C002 (2011)
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  • Journal Article Zeka A, Zanobetti A, Schwartz J. Short term effects of particulate matter on cause specific mortality: effects of lags and modification by city characteristics. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2005;62(10):718-725. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Zeka A, Zanobetti A, Schwartz J. Individual-level modifiers of the effects of particulate matter on daily mortality. American Journal of Epidemiology 2006;163(9):849-859. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Zeka A, Sullivan JR, Vokonas PS, Sparrow D, Schwartz J. Inflammatory markers and particulate air pollution: characterizing the pathway to disease. International Journal of Epidemiology 2006;35(5):1347-1354. R832416 (2008)
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  • Journal Article Zeka A, Melly SJ, Schwartz J. The effects of socioeconomic status and indices of physical environment on reduced birth weight and preterm births in Eastern Massachusetts. Environmental Health 2008;7:60. R832416 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Zhu ZZ, Sparrow D, Hou L, Tarantini L, Bollati V, Litonjua AA, Zanobetti A, Vokonas P, Wright RO, Baccarelli A, Schwartz J. Repetitive element hypomethylation in blood leukocyte DNA and cancer incidence, prevalence, and mortality in elderly individuals: the Normative Aging Study. Cancer Causes & Control 2011;22(3):437-447. R832416 (Final)
    R832416C001 (Final)
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  • Journal Article Zhu ZZ, Hou L, Bollati V, Tarantini L, Marinelli B, Cantone L, Yang AS, Vokonas P, Lissowska J, Fustinoni S, Pesatori AC, Bonzini M, Apostoli P, Costa G, Bertazzi PA, Chow WH, Schwartz J, Baccarelli A. Predictors of global methylation levels in blood DNA of healthy subjects: a combined analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology 2012;41(1):126-139. R832416 (Final)
    R832416C001 (Final)
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  • Supplemental Keywords:

    ambient air particles, cardiovascular health, pulmonary health, air pollution, traffic emissions,, RFA, Health, Scientific Discipline, Air, particulate matter, Health Risk Assessment, Risk Assessments, Biochemistry, ambient air quality, atmospheric particulate matter, chemical characteristics, human health effects, toxicology, cardiovascular vulnerability, automobile exhaust, airborne particulate matter, chemical composition, biological mechanisms, biological mechanism , traffic related particulate matter, human exposure, ambient particle health effects, autonomic dysfunction, human health risk

    Progress and Final Reports:

    2006 Progress Report
    2007 Progress Report
    2008 Progress Report
    2009 Progress Report
    2010 Progress Report
    Final Report

    Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R832416C001 Cardiovascular Responses in the Normative Aging Study: Exploring the Pathways of Particle Toxicity
    R832416C002 Cardiovascular Toxicity of Concentrated Ambient Fine, Ultrafine and Coarse Particles in Controlled Human Exposures
    R832416C003 Assessing Toxicity of Local and Transported Particles Using Animal Models Exposed to CAPs
    R832416C004 Cardiovascular Effects of Mobile Source Exposures: Effects of Particles and Gaseous Co-pollutants
    R832416C005 Toxicological Evaluation of Realistic Emission Source Aerosol (TERESA): Investigation of Vehicular Emissions