Stormwater Flow Control Device

EPA Contract Number: EPD04050
Title: Stormwater Flow Control Device
Investigators: Boner, Mark C.
Small Business: WWETCO LLC
EPA Contact: Manager, SBIR Program
Phase: I
Project Period: March 1, 2004 through August 31, 2004
Project Amount: $70,000
RFA: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) - Phase I (2004) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Pollution Prevention/Sustainable Development , SBIR - Water and Wastewater , Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)


Regulated sources of wet weather pollution include stormwater, combined sewer overflows (CSOs), and sanitary sewer overflows. These programs require cost-effective flow control and treatment technologies as well as other watershed management measures to satisfy water quality criteria or total maximum daily load (TMDL) allocations. Cost-effective flow controls are needed in all of these market areas to maximize wet weather flows that can be treated without inhibitions of drainage system hydraulics or without any blockage of the flow path. Conventional flow control includes fixed weirs or more expensive mechanical devices that either inhibit the drainage system hydraulics or add to the capital and maintenance cost. Conventional approaches, in which devices or structures are placed in the flow path, add to the risk of upstream flooding or inadequate wet weather treatment.

WWETCO, LLC, has developed a nonmechanical, passive-flow control device that will maximize flow attenuation and diversion of wet weather volumes to treatment. The flow control will not inhibit the existing drainage system hydraulic capacity, providing a full-bore flow path for transport of solids and trash without causing blockages or incomplete treatment. The WWETCO flow control device is simple, compact, and rugged enough to withstand high velocities carrying trash and abrasive materials and is not affected by corrosive environments. The WWETCO flow control can be installed at a cost similar to the most inexpensive fixed weir controls.

The goals of this Phase I research project include development of the prototype flow control device and the evaluation of construction and fabrication materials. Alternatives will be tested in the WWETCO laboratory for examining hydraulic performance under the various flow control applications, including diversion, migratory tolerant attenuation, and inline storage optimization. Costs and performance will be evaluated to delineate cost effectiveness and other optimization benefits. Results will be used to define the work plan for Phase II full-scale testing at the Columbus, GA CSO Technology Demonstration Facility and at the City of Columbus 319(h) Best Management Practices Demonstration Project.

The preliminary commercialization plan will be developed from Phase I research results and combined with local, state, and federal agency surveys of wet weather control needs. The Phase II commercialization plan will further define full-scale hydraulic and operation performance, fabrication and production, specific marketing strategies, information dissemination, teaming arrangements, and funding. Markets include municipal governments and the development community and are estimated at more than $40 million per year for the next 30 years. Funding will be leveraged with loans, private investments, and demonstration grants to accomplish Phase I and II efforts, including commercialization of the technology.

Supplemental Keywords:

small business, SBIR, stormwater, flow control device, wet weather pollution, combined sewer overflows, CSOs, sanitary sewer overflows, watershed management, drainage system hydraulics, EPA., Scientific Discipline, Water, TREATMENT/CONTROL, Wastewater, Wet Weather Flows, Ecology and Ecosystems, Engineering, Chemistry, & Physics, Environmental Engineering, Urban and Regional Planning, Water Pollution Control, wastewater treatment, urban runoff, stormwater, aqueous waste, combined sewer overflows, flow controls, wastewater discharges, flow monitor, sewage, control technologies, stormwater runoff, aqueous waste stream

Progress and Final Reports:

  • Final Report
  • SBIR Phase II:

    Stormwater Flow Control Device  | Final Report