Woody Biomass Crops for Bioremediating Hydrocarbons and Metals

EPA Grant Number: R829479C010
Subproject: this is subproject number 010 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R829479
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: The Consortium for Plant Biotechnology Research, Inc., Environmental Research and Technology Transfer Program
Center Director: Schumacher, Dorin
Title: Woody Biomass Crops for Bioremediating Hydrocarbons and Metals
Investigators: Rockwood, Donald L.
Institution: University of Florida
EPA Project Officer: Lasat, Mitch
Project Period: August 12, 2002 through December 31, 2003
RFA: The Consortium for Plant Biotechnology Research, Inc., Environmental Research and Technology Transfer Program (2001) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Targeted Research , Hazardous Waste/Remediation

Objective:

The objectives of this research project are to evaluate and characterize fast-growing, tree-based systems for maximizing phytoremediation of hydrocarbon and heavy metal contaminated soil and groundwater through a series of field and greenhouse studies. The six objectives of the research project are to:

1. Determine long-term nitrogen and water use efficiency for Populus deltoids or cottonwood (CW), Eucalyptus amplifolia (EA), and E. grandis (EG) under four silvicultural options: (a) no compost or mulch (W), (b) compost only (WC), (c) mulch only (WM), and (d) compost plus mulch (WCM) in a 2.8 hectare sewage effluent study (Water Conserv II) west of Orlando, FL, initiated in March 1998.

2. Assess ongoing remediation of copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), and arsenic (As) contaminated soil by CW clones at a former wood preservation facility in Archer, FL.

3. Compare hytoremediation potential of CW clones and EA progenies planted in July 2000, at a trichloroethylene (TCE) contaminated site near St. Augustine, FL.

4. Evaluate early effectiveness of CW and willow clones in remediating a TCE and perchloroethylene (PCE) contaminated site at LaSalle, IL.

5. Quantify variation between and within CW, EA, EG, willow, and cypress and assess mechanisms for tolerance to, and remediation of, varying TCE levels in a greenhouse study.

6. In collaboration with Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (FAMU), select CW clones promising for southwide phytoremediation from a clone test near Quincy, FL.

Publications and Presentations:

Publications have been submitted on this subproject: View all 7 publications for this subprojectView all 211 publications for this center

Supplemental Keywords:

phytoremediation, compost, arsenic, trichloroethylene, TCE, cottonwood, Populus deltoides, willow, Eucalyptus amplifolia, Eucalyptus grandis, Florida, FL, Illinois, IL., Scientific Discipline, Waste, TREATMENT/CONTROL, POLLUTANTS/TOXICS, Sustainable Industry/Business, Geochemistry, Treatment Technologies, Chemicals, Technology, Bioremediation, New/Innovative technologies, Environmental Engineering, Agricultural Engineering, bioengineering, biodegradation, transgenic plants, woody biomass crops, biotechnology, remediation, photoremediation, plant biotechnology, hydrocarbons, phytoremediation, bioacummulation, heavy metals, metal compounds

Progress and Final Reports:

  • 2003 Progress Report
  • Final Report

  • Main Center Abstract and Reports:

    R829479    The Consortium for Plant Biotechnology Research, Inc., Environmental Research and Technology Transfer Program

    Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R829479C001 Plant Genes and Agrobacterium T-DNA Integration
    R829479C002 Designing Promoters for Precision Targeting of Gene Expression
    R829479C003 aka R829479C011 Biological Effects of Epoxy Fatty Acids
    R829479C004 Negative Sense Viral Vectors for Improved Expression of Foreign Genes in Insects and Plants
    R829479C005 Development of Novel Plastics From Agricultural Oils
    R829479C006 Conversion of Paper Sludge to Ethanol
    R829479C007 Enhanced Production of Biodegradable Plastics in Plants
    R829479C008 Engineering Design of Stable Immobilized Enzymes for the Hydrolysis and Transesterification of Triglycerides
    R829479C009 Discovery and Evaluation of SNP Variation in Resistance-Gene Analogs and Other Candidate Genes in Cotton
    R829479C010 Woody Biomass Crops for Bioremediating Hydrocarbons and Metals
    R829479C011 Biological Effects of Epoxy Fatty Acids
    R829479C012 High Strength Degradable Plastics From Starch and Poly(lactic acid)
    R829479C013 Development of Herbicide-Tolerant Energy and Biomass Crops
    R829479C014 Identification of Receptors of Bacillus Thuringiensis Toxins in Midguts of the European Corn Borer
    R829479C015 Coordinated Expression of Multiple Anti-Pest Proteins
    R829479C016 A Novel Fermentation Process for Butyric Acid and Butanol Production from Plant Biomass
    R829479C017 Molecular Improvement of an Environmentally Friendly Turfgrass
    R829479C018 Woody Biomass Crops for Bioremediating Hydrocarbons and Metals. II.
    R829479C019 Transgenic Plants for Bioremediation of Atrazine and Related Herbicides
    R829479C020 Root Exudate Biostimulation for Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon Phytoremediation
    R829479C021 Phytoremediation of Heavy Metal Contamination by Metallohistins, a New Class of Plant Metal-Binding Proteins
    R829479C022 Development of Herbicide-Tolerant Energy and Biomass Crops
    R829479C023 A Novel Fermentation Process for Butyric Acid and Butanol Production from Plant Biomass
    R829479C024 Development of Vectors for the Stoichiometric Accumulation of Multiple Proteins in Transgenic Crops
    R829479C025 Chemical Induction of Disease Resistance in Trees
    R829479C026 Development of Herbicide-Tolerant Hardwoods
    R829479C027 Environmentally Superior Soybean Genome Development
    R829479C028 Development of Efficient Methods for the Genetic Transformation of Willow and Cottonwood for Increased Remediation of Pollutants
    R829479C029 Development of Tightly Regulated Ecdysone Receptor-Based Gene Switches for Use in Agriculture
    R829479C030 Engineered Plant Virus Proteins for Biotechnology