2002 Progress Report: Air Toxics Exposures Among Teenagers in New York City and Los Angeles—A Columbia-Harvard Study (TEACH)

EPA Grant Number: R828678C001
Subproject: this is subproject number 001 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R824834
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center (NUATRC)
Center Director: Beskid, Craig
Title: Air Toxics Exposures Among Teenagers in New York City and Los Angeles—A Columbia-Harvard Study (TEACH)
Investigators: Kinney, Patrick L. , Aggarwal, Maneesha , Chillrud, Steven , Johnson, Dave , Pederson, Dee C. , Ramstrom, Sonja , Ross, James M. , Spengler, John D.
Current Investigators: Kinney, Patrick L. , Chillrud, Steven , Ramstrom, Sonja , Spengler, John D.
Institution: Columbia University in the City of New York , Harvard University
Current Institution: Columbia University - Mailman School of Public Health , Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
EPA Project Officer: Chung, Serena
Project Period: January 1, 1997 through January 31, 2005
Project Period Covered by this Report: January 1, 2001 through January 31, 2002
RFA: Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center (NUATRC) (1997) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Air Quality and Air Toxics , Targeted Research

Objective:

The objective of this research project is to study the personal exposures to urban air toxics experienced by a group of students living in New York City (NYC) and Los Angeles (LA). The study will provide information on the roles of seasons and days of the week, different meteorological conditions, and daily activities on exposures to selected volatile organic compounds (VOC), aldehydes, and metals on particles (<2.5 microns) present in the environment. Soluble fractions of selected metals also will be assayed for correlations with source measurements. Exposure measurements will be made in indoor, outdoor, and personal environments. The investigators will relate these exposures to the apportionment of air toxics among area, point and mobile sources, as well as nonanthropogenic sources.

Progress Summary:

The study was funded in response to the National Urban Air Toxics Research Center (NUATRC) Request for Application 96-01. The project commenced in December 1997, and was scheduled to be completed in July 2002. It has been granted a no-cost extension through July 2003. The TEACH study is in compliance with the Columbia University’s Institutional Review Board guidelines and governmental human consent regulations. The investigators also have provided appropriate quality assurance and quality control procedures in accordance with NUATRC and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency guidelines. The study results will be presented in two reports, one on the NYC data set and the other on the LA data set. The draft final report on the NYC data set was submitted to the NUATRC in May 2002. The report was reviewed by a team of external peer reviewers and the Center’s Scientific Advisory Panel (SAP). The comments from the SAP and the reviewers were conveyed to the investigators. A revised final report is expected in January 2003.

With regard to the LA data set, the investigators reported that the fine particulate matter speciation of the LA samples is now complete. Analyses of the air exchange samples also are complete. Data analyses are now in progress. These will include multivariate analyses of activity patterns and home characteristics across seasons and locales. Contributions of indoor and outdoor toxics to personal air toxic exposures will be assessed for both winter and summer seasons for both cities. Time/activity patterns and home ventilation rates will be examined for their effects on these relationships. Source apportionment will be analyzed via studies of the source categories suggested in the subject-based exposure data. The LA report also will include analysis of the data set across the two cities. A draft final report for the LA data set also is anticipated in January 2003.

Future Activities:

The NUATRC has granted a no-cost extension for this study through July 2003, to complete the peer review of the reports and other formalities associated with the acceptance of these reports. Additional activities are to submit the LA draft final report and the NYC revised final report.


Journal Articles on this Report : 1 Displayed | Download in RIS Format

Other subproject views: All 15 publications 5 publications in selected types All 5 journal articles
Other center views: All 144 publications 62 publications in selected types All 53 journal articles
Type Citation Sub Project Document Sources
Journal Article Kinney PL, Chillrud SN, Ramstrom S, Ross J, Spengler JD. Exposures to multiple air toxics in New York City. Environmental Health Perspectives 2002;110(Suppl 4):539-546. R828678C001 (2002)
R828678C001 (2003)
R828678C001 (2004)
R828678C001 (2006)
R828678C001 (2007)
R828678C001 (Final)
  • Full-text from PubMed
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Associated PubMed link
  • Supplemental Keywords:

    New York City, NYC, New York, NY, Los Angeles, LA, California, CA, urban air toxics, volatile organic compounds, VOCs., RFA, Health, Scientific Discipline, PHYSICAL ASPECTS, Air, INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION, POLLUTANTS/TOXICS, HUMAN HEALTH, particulate matter, Environmental Chemistry, Health Risk Assessment, air toxics, Exposure, Chemicals, Risk Assessments, Susceptibility/Sensitive Population/Genetic Susceptibility, Physical Processes, Children's Health, Atmospheric Sciences, genetic susceptability, Environmental Policy, Biology, copollutant exposures, sensitive populations, atmospheric particulate matter, health effects, urban air, fine particles, PM 2.5, long term exposure, inhaled pollutants, acute cardiovascular effects, acute lung injury, aldehydes, airway disease, VOCs, air pollution, susceptible subpopulations, cardiac arrest, children, New York, chronic health effects, lung inflammation, particulate exposure, cardiopulmonary response, assessment of exposure, human exposure, Los Angeles, Acute health effects, inhaled, human susceptibility, children's environmental health, indoor air, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), air contaminant exposure, air quality, co-pollutants, environmental hazard exposures, toxics, airborne urban contaminants, acute exposure

    Relevant Websites:

    http://www.sph.uth.tmc.edu/mleland/ Exit

    Progress and Final Reports:

    Original Abstract
  • 1997
  • 1998
  • 1999
  • 2000
  • 2001 Progress Report
  • 2003 Progress Report
  • 2004 Progress Report
  • Final Report

  • Main Center Abstract and Reports:

    R824834    Mickey Leland National Urban Air Toxics Research Center (NUATRC)

    Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R824834C001 Air Toxics Exposures Among Teenagers in New York City and Los Angeles - A Columbia-Harvard Study (TEACH)
    R824834C002 Cardiopulmonary Response to Particulate Exposure
    R824834C003 VOC Exposure in an Industry Impacted Community
    R824834C004 A Study of Personal Exposure to Air Toxics Among a Subset of the Residential U.S. Population (VOC Project)
    R824834C005 Methods Development Project for a Study of Personal Exposures to Toxic Air Pollutants
    R824834C006 Relationship Between Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Air (RIOPA)
    R824834C007 Development of the "Leland Legacy" Air Sampling Pump
    R824834C008 Source Apportionment of Indoor Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Urban Residences
    R824834C009 Development of a Personal Cascade Impactor Sampler (PCIS)
    R824834C010 Testing the Metals Hypothesis in Spokane
    R828678C001 Air Toxics Exposures Among Teenagers in New York City and Los Angeles—A Columbia-Harvard Study (TEACH)
    R828678C002 Cardiopulmonary Effects of Metal-Containing Particulate Exposure
    R828678C003 VOC Exposure in an Industry Impacted Community
    R828678C004 A Study of Personal Exposure to Air Toxics Among a Subset of the Residential U.S. Population (VOC Project)
    R828678C005 Oxygenated Urban Air Toxics and Asthma Variability in Middle School Children: A Panel Study (ATAC–Air Toxics and Asthma in Children)
    R828678C006 Relationship between Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Air (RIOPA). Part II: Analyses of Concentrations of Particulate Matter Species
    R828678C007 Development of the “Leland Legacy” Air Sampling Pump
    R828678C008 Source Apportionment of Indoor PAHs in Urban Residences 98-03B
    R828678C009 Development of a Personal Cascade Impactor Sampler (PCIS)
    R828678C010 Testing the Metals Hypothesis in Spokane
    R828678C011 A Pilot Geospatial Analysis of Exposure to Air Pollutants (with Special Attention to Air Toxics) and Hospital Admissions in Harris County, Texas
    R828678C012 Impact of Exposure to Urban Air Toxics on Asthma Utilization for the Pediatric Medicaid Population in Dearborn, Michigan
    R828678C013 Field Validation of the Sioutas Sampler and Leland Legacy Pump – Joint Project with EPA’s Environmental Technology Validation Program (ETV)
    R828678C014 Performance Evaluation of the 3M Charcoal Vapor Monitor for Monitor Low Ambient Concentrations of VOCs
    R828678C015 RIOPA Database Development
    R828678C016 Contributions of Outdoor PM Sources to Indoor and Personal Exposures: Analysis of PM Species Concentrations” Focused on the PM Speciation and Apportioning of Sources
    R828678C017 The Short and Long-Term Respiratory Effects of Exposure to PAHs from Traffic in a Cohort of Asthmatic Children