Encouraging Innovation Through Umbrella Permitting

EPA Grant Number: R824562
Title: Encouraging Innovation Through Umbrella Permitting
Investigators: Heller, Katherine B. , Martin, Sheila A. , Bloch, Laura , Walsh, Randy , Kelly, Sheryl
Current Investigators: Heller, Katherine B. , Gallaher, Michael , Bingham, Tayler
Institution: Desert Research Institute , Duke University
Current Institution: Research Triangle Institute
EPA Project Officer: Hahn, Intaek
Project Period: October 1, 1995 through September 1, 1997
Project Amount: $239,998
RFA: Incentives and Impediments to Pollution Prevention (1995) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Sustainability , Pollution Prevention/Sustainable Development


The purpose of this project is to assess the behavioral, technical, economic, and environmental effects of removing disincentives to innovation in production and pollution management through more flexible environmental permitting. The study will examine the characteristics of traditional and selected flexible permitting programs being used in different states by reviewing previous studies, reviewing governmental protocols for permits, and by interviewing both state permitting officials and the staff at facilities that have obtained/are obtaining flexible permits. This qualitative characterization of traditional and flexible permitting schemes will be used to develop a simulation of facility investment and operating decisions when confronted with changing factor and product prices under various permitting designs. This simulation exercise will provide a quantitative comparison of the economic and environmental performance of traditional and flexible permitting programs. In addition, the study will examine differences in permitting agency resource needs under various permitting designs.

Supplemental Keywords:

Scientific Discipline, Sustainable Industry/Business, cleaner production/pollution prevention, Economics, Social Science, behavioral effects, cleaner production, facility investment, quantitative comparison of environmental performance, innovative technology, pollution prevention, umbrella permitting

Progress and Final Reports:

  • 1996
  • Final Report