A Comparative Institutional Analysis of Conjunctive Management Practices Among Three Southwestern StatesEPA Grant Number: R824781
Title: A Comparative Institutional Analysis of Conjunctive Management Practices Among Three Southwestern States
Investigators: Schlager, Edella , Blomquist, William
Institution: University of Arizona , Indiana University - Purdue University - Indianapolis
EPA Project Officer: Hiscock, Michael
Project Period: June 1, 1996 through May 1, 1999
Project Amount: $198,000
RFA: Water and Watersheds (1995) Recipients Lists
Research Category: Water and Watersheds , Water
Description:Conjunctive use involves the coordination of surface water supplies and storage with groundwater supplies and storage. Theproposed project will use a comparison of conjunctive use practices in three Southwestern states, Arizona, California, andColorado, in order to improve the information base for decision making about the conjunctive use of surface and undergroundwater resources. These three states face similar physical problems of water distribution in the same geographic region buthave evolved markedly different policies and organizational structures to react to those problems. The three states,therefore, offer a promising field setting in which to pursue and advance the understanding of relationships betweeninstitutional arrangements and conjunctive use programs. Conjunctive use can provide more stable and secure water suppliesfor human and other uses, mitigate or even prevent some of the losses caused by extreme events such as droughts and floods,lessen the environmental damage caused by surface water impoundments such as dams and canals, and protect aquatic life andhabitat.
Using techniques of institutional analysis, the institutional arrangements-rules (laws, regulations, policies andpractices) of public and private organizations involved with conjunctive use management-will be documented. Usinginterviews, surveys, and archival research, data will be gathered on the operation, implementation, and performance ofconjunctive management activities. Data analysis will center on the extent and performance of conjunctive use programs inthe states; and use comparisons among the states and over time to identify connections between the institutionalarrangements and the development, implementation, and performance of conjunctive use programs.
The results of the project should substantially advance the ability of the social sciences to contribute to theunderstanding of the links between policies and outcomes, and should substantially improve the information base foreffective decision making about watershed use and protection.