A Continuation: Humate-Induced Remediation of Petroleum Contaminated Surface Soils

EPA Grant Number: R827015C022
Subproject: this is subproject number 022 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R827015
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: IPEC University of Tulsa (TU)
Center Director: Sublette, Kerry L.
Title: A Continuation: Humate-Induced Remediation of Petroleum Contaminated Surface Soils
Investigators: Nanny, Mark A. , Andrusevich, Vladimir E. , Philp, R. Paul , Ulrich, Glenn
Institution: University of Oklahoma
EPA Project Officer: Lasat, Mitch
Project Period: September 4, 2002 through September 4, 2003
RFA: Integrated Petroleum Environmental Consortium (IPEC) (1999) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Hazardous Waste/Remediation , Targeted Research

Objective:

This study proposes to examine and expand upon humate-induced remediation processes occurring in soils contaminated with crude oil, diesel fuel, and gasoline. Humates are high-molecular weight, natural salts of humic and fulvic acids (HA and FA), originating from the diagenesis of terrestrial, marine, and lacustrine organic matter. In our recent IPEC funding (Humate-Induced Remediation of Petroleum Contaminated Surface Soils; July 1, 2000 to June 30, 2001; IPEC 14-2-1201270-94823), we achieved our research goals by demonstrating that humate enhances the remediation of surface soil contaminated with crude oil through the combined processes of hydrocarbon adsorption and accelerated biodegradation. The efficacy of humate as a geosorbant was shown by the fact that after exhaustive dichloromethane/methanol solvent extraction, humate saturated with crude oil retained at least 10% of their mass as crude oil.

In the proposed research we will address critical questions discovered to be important based upon our recently IPEC-funded research. Biodegradation and bioavailability of hydrocarbons strongly-bound to humate must be quantitatively measured in order to determine if these strongly-bound hydrocarbons are still an environmental concern and if they can truly be biodegraded. Second, the effectiveness of humate remediation of soils contaminated with hydrocarbon products such as gasoline (including MTBE - gasoline oxygenated additive) and diesel fuel must be assessed. Finally, we need to begin transferring knowledge gained from laboratory experiments to the field.

Specifically, the goals of this proposal are: 1) to measure the biodegradation and bioavailability of 14C-labeled heptadecane that is strongly adsorbed to humate, 2) to examine the adsorption of gasoline, gasoline oxygenates as a part of gasoline itself, and diesel fuel to humates, as well as their biodegradation in soil microcosms, and 3) to assess humate-induced remediation on a pilot-scale by conducting ex-situ tests of soils contaminated with crude oil, diesel fuel, and gasoline.

Publications and Presentations:

Publications have been submitted on this subproject: View all 2 publications for this subprojectView all 120 publications for this center

Supplemental Keywords:

RFA, Scientific Discipline, INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION, Waste, Water, TREATMENT/CONTROL, Waste Treatment, Contaminated Sediments, Remediation, Environmental Chemistry, Hazardous Waste, Environmental Monitoring, Ecological Risk Assessment, Hazardous, Environmental Engineering, hazardous waste management, hazardous waste treatment, risk assessment, sediment treatment, advanced treatment technologies, bioavailability, cleanup, contaminated sediment, remediation technologies, metal release, humate induced remediation, treatment, oil spills, hazadous waste streams, surface soils

Progress and Final Reports:

  • Final Report

  • Main Center Abstract and Reports:

    R827015    IPEC University of Tulsa (TU)

    Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
    R827015C001 Evaluation of Road Base Material Derived from Tank Bottom Sludges
    R827015C002 Passive Sampling Devices (PSDs) for Bioavailability Screening of Soils Containing Petrochemicals
    R827015C003 Demonstration of a Subsurface Drainage System for the Remediation of Brine-Impacted Soil
    R827015C004 Anaerobic Intrinsic Bioremediation of Whole Gasoline
    R827015C005 Microflora Involved in Phytoremediation of Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons
    R827015C006 Microbial Treatment of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM)
    R827015C007 Using Plants to Remediate Petroleum-Contaminated Soil
    R827015C008 The Use of Nitrate for the Control of Sulfide Formation in Oklahoma Oil Fields
    R827015C009 Surfactant-Enhanced Treatment of Oil-Contaminated Soils and Oil-Based Drill Cuttings
    R827015C010 Novel Materials for Facile Separation of Petroleum Products from Aqueous Mixtures Via Magnetic Filtration
    R827015C011 Development of Relevant Ecological Screening Criteria (RESC) for Petroleum Hydrocarbon-Contaminated Exploration and Production Sites
    R827015C012 Humate-Induced Remediation of Petroleum Contaminated Surface Soils
    R827015C013 New Process for Plugging Abandoned Wells
    R827015C014 Enhancement of Microbial Sulfate Reduction for the Remediation of Hydrocarbon Contaminated Aquifers - A Laboratory and Field Scale Demonstration
    R827015C015 Locating Oil-Water Interfaces in Process Vessels
    R827015C016 Remediation of Brine Spills with Hay
    R827015C017 Continuation of an Investigation into the Anaerobic Intrinsic Bioremediation of Whole Gasoline
    R827015C018 Using Plants to Remediate Petroleum-Contaminated Soil
    R827015C019 Biodegradation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Salt-Impacted Soil by Native Halophiles or Halotolerants and Strategies for Enhanced Degradation
    R827015C020 Anaerobic Intrinsic Bioremediation of MTBE
    R827015C021 Evaluation of Commercial, Microbial-Based Products to Treat Paraffin Deposition in Tank Bottoms and Oil Production Equipment
    R827015C022 A Continuation: Humate-Induced Remediation of Petroleum Contaminated Surface Soils
    R827015C023 Data for Design of Vapor Recovery Units for Crude Oil Stock Tank Emissions
    R827015C024 Development of an Environmentally Friendly and Economical Process for Plugging Abandoned Wells
    R827015C025 A Continuation of Remediation of Brine Spills with Hay
    R827015C026 Identifying the Signature of the Natural Attenuation of MTBE in Goundwater Using Molecular Methods and "Bug Traps"
    R827015C027 Identifying the Signature of Natural Attenuation in the Microbial Ecology of Hydrocarbon Contaminated Groundwater Using Molecular Methods and "Bug Traps"
    R827015C028 Using Plants to Remediate Petroleum-Contaminated Soil: Project Continuation
    R827015C030 Effective Stormwater and Sediment Control During Pipeline Construction Using a New Filter Fence Concept
    R827015C031 Evaluation of Sub-micellar Synthetic Surfactants versus Biosurfactants for Enhanced LNAPL Recovery
    R827015C032 Utilization of the Carbon and Hydrogen Isotopic Composition of Individual Compounds in Refined Hydrocarbon Products To Monitor Their Fate in the Environment
    R830633 Integrated Petroleum Environmental Consortium (IPEC)
    R830633C001 Development of an Environmentally Friendly and Economical Process for Plugging Abandoned Wells (Phase II)
    R830633C002 A Continuation of Remediation of Brine Spills with Hay
    R830633C003 Effective Stormwater and Sediment Control During Pipeline Construction Using a New Filter Fence Concept
    R830633C004 Evaluation of Sub-micellar Synthetic Surfactants versus Biosurfactants for Enhanced LNAPL Recovery
    R830633C005 Utilization of the Carbon and Hydrogen Isotopic Composition of Individual Compounds in Refined Hydrocarbon Products To Monitor Their Fate in the Environment
    R830633C006 Evaluation of Commercial, Microbial-Based Products to Treat Paraffin Deposition in Tank Bottoms and Oil Production Equipment
    R830633C007 Identifying the Signature of the Natural Attenuation in the Microbial Ecology of Hydrocarbon Contaminated Groundwater Using Molecular Methods and “Bug Traps”
    R830633C008 Using Plants to Remediate Petroleum-Contaminated Soil: Project Continuation
    R830633C009 Use of Earthworms to Accelerate the Restoration of Oil and Brine Impacted Sites