Formation of Toxic By-Products in the Incineration of Hazardous Materials

EPA Grant Number: R825412
Title: Formation of Toxic By-Products in the Incineration of Hazardous Materials
Investigators: Senkan, Selim M.
Institution: University of California - Los Angeles
EPA Project Officer: Shapiro, Paul
Project Period: November 1, 1996 through October 31, 1999
Project Amount: $389,553
RFA: Exploratory Research - Water Engineering (1996) RFA Text |  Recipients Lists
Research Category: Water , Land and Waste Management , Engineering and Environmental Chemistry

Description:

The purpose of this project is to investigate experimentally and theoretically the formation of toxic by- products in the incineration of hazardous materials such as brominated hydrocarbons (halons), fluorinated hydrocarbons (CFC), chlorinated aromatics (chlorophenols) and organometallic compounds. Experimental program will emphasize the use of one dimensional premixed flames of methane doped with hazardous additives. Flame chemistry will be determined using heated microprobe sampling coupled to on line gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). In addition, resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) time of flight mass spectrometry (TOF/MS) will be used for the ultrasensitive detection of trace species. The objectives of the theoretical program will be to develop fundamentally based detailed reaction mechanisms describing the formation and destruction of toxic by-products in flames and in post flame gases. The rates and mechanisms of reactions taking place homogeneously in the gas phase and on surfaces will also be investigated using computational quantum chemistry. These studies will provide a better basis for the operation, design and control of practical incineration systems.

Publications and Presentations:

Publications have been submitted on this project: View all 15 publications for this project

Journal Articles:

Journal Articles have been submitted on this project: View all 14 journal articles for this project

Supplemental Keywords:

RFA, Scientific Discipline, Toxics, Water, Waste, Ecology, Environmental Chemistry, Chemistry, CFCs, Engineering, Chemistry, & Physics, Incineration/Combustion, hydrocarbon, mass spectrometry, organometallic compounds, gas chromatography, hazardous materials, quantum chemistry, environmental contaminants, combustion, halons, incineration, organomettalic compounds, ionization, flame chemistry, toxic by-products

Progress and Final Reports:

  • 1997
  • 1998
  • Final Report